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Chewing gum can produce context-dependent effects upon memory

Baker, Jess R., Bezance, Jessica B., Zellaby, Ella and Aggleton, John Patrick 2004. Chewing gum can produce context-dependent effects upon memory. Appetite 43 (2) , pp. 207-210. 10.1016/j.appet.2004.06.004

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Two experiments examined whether chewing spearmint gum can affect the initial learning or subsequent recall of a word list. Comparing those participants in Experiment 1 who chewed gum at the learning or the recall phases showed that chewing gum at initial learning was associated with superior recall. In addition, chewing gum led to context-dependent effects as a switch between gum and no gum (or no gum and gum) between learning and recall led to poorer performance. Experiment 2 provided evidence that sucking gum was sufficient to induce some of the same effects as chewing.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chewing gum; Context-dependent effects; Memory
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0195-6663
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:42

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