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An update on the role of gut microbiota in chronic inflammatory diseases, and potential therapeutic targets

Laing, Bobbi, Barnett, Matthew P. G., Marlow, Gareth, Nasef, Noha Ahmed and Ferguson, Lynnette R. 2018. An update on the role of gut microbiota in chronic inflammatory diseases, and potential therapeutic targets. Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 12 (10) , pp. 969-983. 10.1080/17474124.2018.1505497

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Abstract

Introduction: The human microbiome plays a critical role in human health, having metabolic, protective, and trophic functions, depending upon its’ exact composition. This composition is affected by a number of factors, including the genetic background of the individual, early life factors (including method of birth, length of breastfeeding) and nature of the diet and other environmental exposures (including cigarette smoking) and general life habits. It plays a key role in the control of inflammation, and in turn, its’ composition is significantly influenced by inflammation. Areas covered: We consider metabolic, protective, and trophic functions of the microbiome and influences through the lifespan from post-partum effects, to diet later in life in healthy older adults, the effects of aging on both its’ composition, and influence on health and potential therapeutic targets that may have anti-inflammatory effects. Expert commentary: The future will see the growth of more effective therapies targeting the microbiome particularly with respect to the use of specific nutrients and diets personalized to the individual.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
ISSN: 1747-4124
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 August 2018
Date of Acceptance: 25 July 2018
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 18:51
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/114058

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