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Biomechanical properties and microstructure of neonatal porcine ventricles

Ahmad, Faizan, Prabhu, R., Liao, Jun, Soe, Shwe, Jones, Michael D., Miller, Jonathan, Berthelson, Parker, Enge, Daniel, Copeland, Katherine M., Shaabeth, Samar, Johnston, Richard, Maconochie, Ian and Theobald, Peter S. 2018. Biomechanical properties and microstructure of neonatal porcine ventricles. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 88 , pp. 18-28. 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.07.038
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Abstract

Neonatal heart disorders represent a major clinical challenge, with congenital heart disease alone affecting 36,000 new-borns annually within the European Union. Surgical intervention to restore normal function includes the implantation of synthetic and biological materials; however, a lack of experimental data describing the mechanical behaviour of neonatal cardiac tissue is likely to contribute to the relatively poor short- and long-term outcome of these implants. This study focused on characterising the mechanical behaviour of neonatal cardiac tissue using a porcine model, to enhance the understanding of how this differs to the equivalent mature tissue. The biomechanical properties of neonatal porcine cardiac tissue were characterised by uniaxial tensile, biaxial tensile, and simple shear loading modes, using samples collected from the anterior and posterior walls of the right and left ventricles. Histological images were prepared using Masson’s trichrome staining, to enable assessment of the microstructure and correlation with tissue behaviour. The mechanical tests demonstrated that the neonatal cardiac tissue is non–linear, anisotropic, viscoelastic and heterogeneous. Our data provide a baseline describing the biomechanical behaviour of immature porcine cardiac tissue. Comparison with published data also indicated that the neonatal porcine cardiac tissue exhibits one-half the stiffness of mature porcine tissue in uniaxial extension testing, one-third in biaxial extension testing, and one-fourth stiffness in simple shear testing; hence, it provides an indication as to the relative change in characteristics associated with tissue maturation. These data may prove valuable to researchers investigating neonatal cardiac mechanics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1751-6161
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 August 2018
Date of Acceptance: 27 July 2018
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2019 09:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/114158

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