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Representative bureaucracy in the Arab Gulf states

Kemp, Linzi, Mathias, Megan and Raji, Maryam 2018. Representative bureaucracy in the Arab Gulf states. International Journal of Public Sector Management 32 (5) , pp. 230-246. 10.1108/IJPSM-07-2017-0198

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Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to apply the lens of representative bureaucracy to women’s representation at management level in governments and government-owned companies in Arab Gulf States, and to consider the implications for government stability, legitimacy and performance. Design/methodology/approach Data were analysed of the numbers of men and women in management positions (#8936), of government and government-owned companies (#846), for the six countries of the Arab Gulf states. Analyses were conducted on the presence/absence of women in management for ten industry types. Findings Governments and government-owned companies in the Arab Gulf states were identified as hybrid (public/private) institutions. Women were found to be underrepresented at management levels in public sector bureaucracy; women clustered in a narrow range of industries; all countries returned a high result of zero female managers in these industries. Research limitations/implications This research is limited by data collected from a single source, ‘Eikon’, which is a commercial database. The implication of these results is a benchmark for future studies on women’s representation at management level in governments and government-owned companies of Arab Gulf countries. Practical implications The practical implication of this study is for concerted government intervention to address gender inequality in management of governments and government-owned companies across the Arab Gulf states. Originality/value This is the first study of representative bureaucracy in Arab Gulf states, and extends the theory of representative bureaucracy to a new geographical and cultural context. There is value in application of representative bureaucracy to government and government-owned companies as a regional form of hybrid public-private organisation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Publisher: Emerald
ISSN: 0951-3558
Date of Acceptance: 26 June 2018
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2019 11:58
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/114448

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