Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Intranasal cautery for the management of adult epistaxis: systematic review

Mcleod, R W J, Price, A, Williams, R J, Smith, M E, Smith, M and Owens, D 2017. Intranasal cautery for the management of adult epistaxis: systematic review. Journal of Laryngology and Otology 131 (12) , pp. 1056-1064. 10.1017/S0022215117002043

Full text not available from this repository.


Background: Cauterisation techniques are commonly used and widely accepted for the management of epistaxis. This review assesses which methods of intranasal cautery should be endorsed as optimum treatment on the basis of benefits, risks, patient tolerance and economic assessment. Method: A systematic review of the literature was performed using a standardised methodology and search strategy. Results: Eight studies were identified: seven prospective controlled trials and one randomised controlled trial. Pooling of data was possible from 3 studies, yielding a total of 830 patients. Significantly lower re-bleed rates were identified (p < 0.01) using electrocautery (14.5 per cent) when compared to chemical cautery (35.1 per cent). No evidence suggested that electrocautery was associated with more adverse events or discomfort. Limited evidence supported the use of a vasoconstrictor agent and operating microscope during the procedure. The included studies had considerable heterogeneity in terms of design and outcome measures. Conclusion: Consistent evidence suggests that electrocautery has higher success rates than chemical cautery, and is not associated with increased complications or patient discomfort. Lower quality evidence suggests that electrocautery reduces costs and duration of hospital stay.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
ISSN: 0022-2151
Date of Acceptance: 20 July 2017
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2018 11:30

Citation Data

Cited 3 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item