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Investigating the effects of long-term dornase alfa use on lung function using registry data

Newsome, S.J., Daniel, Rhian M., Carr, S.B., Bilton, D. and Keogh, R.H. 2019. Investigating the effects of long-term dornase alfa use on lung function using registry data. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 18 (18) , pp. 110-117. 10.1016/j.jcf.2018.08.004

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Abstract

Background Dornase alfa (DNase) is one of the commonest cystic fibrosis (CF) treatments and is often used for many years. However, studies have not evaluated the effectiveness of its long-term use. We aimed to use UK CF Registry data to investigate the effects of one-, two-, three-, four- and five-years of DNase use on lung function to see if the benefits of short-term treatment use are sustained long term. Methods We analysed data from 4,198 people in the UK CF Registry from 2007 to 2015 using g-estimation. By controlling for time-dependent confounding we estimated the effects of long-term DNase use on percent predicted FEV1 (ppFEV1) and investigated whether the effect differed by ppFEV1 at treatment initiation or by age. Results Considering the population as a whole, there was no significant effect of one-year's use of DNase; change in ppFEV1 over one year was −0.1% in the treated compared to the untreated (p = 0.51) and this did not change with long-term use. However, treatment was estimated to be more beneficial in people with lower lung function (p < 0.001); those with ppFEV1 < 70% at treatment initiation, showed an increase in lung function over one year that was sustained out to five years. The estimated effect of DNase did not depend on age (p = 0.35). Conclusions DNase improved lung function in individuals with reduced lung function, bringing a step-change in lung function, but no change in the slope of decline. There was no evidence for a benefit in lung function in those initiating treatment with ppFEV1 > 70%.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1569-1993
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 September 2018
Date of Acceptance: 2 August 2018
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 13:44
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/114628

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