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Benefit analysis of using soft DC links in medium voltage distribution networks

Qi, Qi 2018. Benefit analysis of using soft DC links in medium voltage distribution networks. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Abstract

Soft DC Links are power electronic converters enabling the control of power flow between distribution feeders or networks. This thesis considers the use of Soft DC Links in Medium Voltage (MV) distribution networks to improve network operation while facilitating the integration of distributed generators (DGs). Soft DC Links include Soft Open Points (SOPs) and Medium Voltage Direct Current (MVDC) links. An SOP can be installed to replace mechanical switchgear in a network, providing controllable active power exchange between connected feeders, as well as reactive power compensation at each interface terminal. The deployment of an MVDC link enables power and voltage controls over a wider area, and facilitates the effective use of available capacity between adjacent networks. The benefits of using SOP and MVDC link in MV distribution networks were investigated. A multi-objective optimisation framework was proposed to quantify the operational benefits of a distribution network with an SOP. An optimisation method integrating both global and local search techniques was developed to determine the set-points of an SOP. It was found that an SOP can improve network operation along multiple criteria and facilitate the integration capacity of DGs. A Grid Transformer-based control method of an MVDC link was proposed, which requires only measurements at the grid transformers to determine the operation of an MVDC link. Control strategies considering different objectives were developed. The proposed control method is used in the ANGLE-DC project, which aims to trial the first MVDC link in Europe by converting an existing AC circuit to DC operation. It was found that an MVDC link can significantly increase the network hosting capacity for DG connections while reducing network losses compared to an AC line. An impact quantification of Soft DC Links was carried out on statistically-similar distribution networks, which refer to a set of networks with similar but different topological and electrical properties. A model was developed to determine the optimal allocation of Soft DC Links. It was found that a Soft DC Link can reduce the network annual cost under a wide range of DG penetration conditions. The statistical analysis provides distribution network planners with more robust decisions on the implementation of Soft DC Links.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Soft Open Point (SOP); Medium Voltage Direct Current Link (MVDC link); Distribution Network; Distributed Generation; Multi-objective Optimisation; Hosting Capacity.
Funders: EPSRC, FLEXIS
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 September 2018
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2018 09:20
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/114978

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