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Factors influencing the decision to use or discard cryopreserved embryos

Svanberg, Agneta Skoog, Boivin, Jacky and Bergh, Torbjörn 2001. Factors influencing the decision to use or discard cryopreserved embryos. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 80 (9) , pp. 849-855. 10.1034/j.1600-0412.2001.080009849.x

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Abstract

Background. Couples’ reasons for discarding supernumerary fertilized cryopreserved embryos and gender differences in attitudes toward the frozen embryos were investigated among Swedish couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) at a private clinic. At the time of the study Swedish law stipulated that couples could keep their frozen embryos for a maximum of one year, with the possibility of an extension based on individual requests. Methods. A questionnaire with structured and unstructured questions was sent to 124 women and 124 men who had entered the IVF treatment and obtained supernumerary embryos from 1 January 1994 to 1 March 1995. Eighty-two women and 74 men completed the questionnaire. Results. After a mean storage time of 25.3 (±11.0) months 22 (26.8%) of the responding couples had their embryos discarded. The reasons were mainly practical, such as a positive outcome of IVF and a legally too short storage time. Comparisons between women and men showed that fewer women (13;17.6%) than men (20;27%) had been uncertain during the IVF treatment about using the frozen embryos at a later date and that men more often than women expressed anxieties about possible effects of the freezing procedure on the potential child (p=0.009). Conclusion. A positive outcome of the original IVF treatment and a short maximum legal time of cryopreservation were the most common reasons why couples discarded their embryos. The men more often than women expressed anxieties about possible effects on a potential child. The results emphasize the need for giving detailed information to the couples about cryopreserved embryos and children born by this method.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Uncontrolled Keywords: cryopreservation; discarding; gender; in vitro fertilization; psychology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0001-6349
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:44
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/11498

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