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Cannabinoid receptor CB1-immunoreactive nerve fibres in painful and non-painful human tooth pulp

Beneng, K., Renton, T., Yilmaz, Z., Yiangou, Y. and Anand, P. 2010. Cannabinoid receptor CB1-immunoreactive nerve fibres in painful and non-painful human tooth pulp. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 17 (11) , pp. 1476-1479. 10.1016/j.jocn.2010.04.005

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The cannabinoid receptor CB1 is involved in modulation of neuronal hypersensitivity and pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate CB1 receptor levels for the first time in dental pain. A total of 19 patients due for molar extraction were divided into two groups, those with existing dental pain (n = 9), and those with no history of pain (n = 10). Immunohistochemistry and computer image analysis was used to evaluate CB1-positive nerve fibres in tooth pulp, with neurofilament-immunostaining as a structural nerve marker. CB1-immunoreactive nerve fibres were scattered throughout the tooth pulp and often seen in nerve bundles, but the fibres did not penetrate the subodontoblastic layer. There was no statistically significant change in the CB1 nerve fibre percentage area in the painful group compared to the non-painful group (p = 0.146); the neurofilament fibres were significantly reduced in the painful group compared to the controls (p = 0.028), but there was no difference in the ratio of CB1 to neurofilaments between the two groups. Thus, CB1 expression is maintained by nerve fibres in painful human dental pulp, and peripherally-restricted CB1 agonists currently in development may advance the treatment of dental pain.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0967-5868
Date of Acceptance: 8 April 2010
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 02:20

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