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Serial position effects in 2-alternative forced choice recognition: Functional equivalence across visual and auditory modalities

2009. Serial position effects in 2-alternative forced choice recognition: Functional equivalence across visual and auditory modalities. Memory 17 (1) , pp. 84-91. 10.1080/09658210802557711

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Abstract

Two experiments examined Ward, Avons, and Melling's (2005) proposition that the serial position function is task, rather than modality, dependent. Specifically, they proposed that for backward testing the 2-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) recognition paradigm is characterised by single-item recency irrespective of the modality of the stimulus presentation. In Experiment 1 the same nonword sequences, presented both visually or auditorily, produced qualitatively equivalent serial position functions with 2AFC testing. Forward testing produced a flat serial position function, while backward testing produced two-item recency in the absence of primacy. In order to rule out the possibility that the serial position functions for visual stimuli were the product of sub-vocal rehearsal, Experiment 2 employed articulatory suppression during the presentation phase. Serial position function equivalence was again observed together with a modest impairment in overall recognition rates. Taken together, these data are consistent with the Ward et al. proposition and further support the existence of a visual memory that can facilitate storage of visual-verbal material (e.g. Logie, Della Sella, Wynn, & Baddeley, 2000). However, the observation of two-item recency contradicts the original duplex account of single-item recency traditionally observed for backwards recognition testing of visual stimuli (Phillips & Christie, 1977).

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: short-term memory ; serial position equivalence ; nonwords
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
ISSN: 0965-8211
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 03:01
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/11592

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