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Lateral transport of soil carbon and land-atmosphere CO2flux induced by water erosion in China

Yue, Yao, Ni, Jinren, Ciais, Philippe, Piao, Shilong, Wang, Tao, Huang, Mengtian, Borthwick, Alistair G. L., Li, Tianhong, Wang, Yichu, Chappell, Adrian and Van Oost, Kristof 2016. Lateral transport of soil carbon and land-atmosphere CO2flux induced by water erosion in China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (24) , pp. 6617-6622. 10.1073/pnas.1523358113

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Soil erosion by water impacts soil organic carbon stocks and alters CO2 fluxes exchanged with the atmosphere. The role of erosion as a net sink or source of atmospheric CO2 remains highly debated, and little information is available at scales larger than small catchments or regions. This study attempts to quantify the lateral transport of soil carbon and consequent land−atmosphere CO2 fluxes at the scale of China, where severe erosion has occurred for several decades. Based on the distribution of soil erosion rates derived from detailed national surveys and soil carbon inventories, here we show that water erosion in China displaced 180 ± 80 Mt C⋅y−1 of soil organic carbon during the last two decades, and this resulted a net land sink for atmospheric CO2 of 45 ± 25 Mt C⋅y−1, equivalent to 8–37% of the terrestrial carbon sink previously assessed in China. Interestingly, the “hotspots,” largely distributed in mountainous regions in the most intensive sink areas (>40 g C⋅m−2⋅y−1), occupy only 1.5% of the total area suffering water erosion, but contribute 19.3% to the national erosion-induced CO2 sink. The erosion-induced CO2 sink underwent a remarkable reduction of about 16% from the middle 1990s to the early 2010s, due to diminishing erosion after the implementation of large-scale soil conservation programs. These findings demonstrate the necessity of including erosion-induced CO2 in the terrestrial budget, hence reducing the level of uncertainty.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Additional Information: Freely available online through the PNAS open access option.
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0027-8424
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 March 2020
Date of Acceptance: 28 April 2016
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2020 10:31

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