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A three-dimensional insight into correlation between carrier lifetime and surface recombination velocity for nanowires

Ren, Dingkun, Rong, Zixuan, Somasundaram, Siddharth, Rahman, Khalifa M Azizur, Liang, Baolai and Huffaker, Diana L 2018. A three-dimensional insight into correlation between carrier lifetime and surface recombination velocity for nanowires. Nanotechnology 29 (50) , 504003. 10.1088/1361-6528/aae365

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The performance of nanowire-based devices is predominantly affected by nonradiative recombination on their surfaces, or sidewalls, due to large surface-to-volume ratios. A common approach to quantitatively characterize surface recombination is to implement time-resolved photoluminescence to correlate surface recombination velocity with measured minority carrier lifetime by a conventional analytical equation. However, after using numerical simulations based on a three-dimensional (3D) transient model, we assert that the correlation between minority carrier lifetime and surface recombination velocity is dependent on a more complex combination of factors, including nanowire geometry, energy-band alignment, and spatial carrier diffusion in 3D. To demonstrate this assertion, we use three cases—GaAs nanowires, InGaAs nanowires, and InGaAs inserts embedded in GaAs nanowires—and numerically calculate the carrier lifetimes by varying the surface recombination velocities. Using this information, we then investigate the intrinsic carrier dynamics within those 3D structures. We argue that the conventional analytical approach to determining surface recombination in nanowires is of limited applicability, and that a comprehensive computation in 3D can provide more accurate analysis. Our study provides a solid theoretical foundation to further understand surface characteristics and carrier dynamics for 3D nanostructured materials.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: IOP Publishing: Hybrid Open Access
ISSN: 0957-4484
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 November 2018
Date of Acceptance: 21 September 2018
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2019 15:45

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