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Reshaping urban political ecologies: An analysis of policy trajectories to deliver food security.

Moragues Faus, Ana and Carroll, B. 2018. Reshaping urban political ecologies: An analysis of policy trajectories to deliver food security. Food Security 10 (6) , pp. 1337-1351. 10.1007/s12571-018-0855-7

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Abstract

In a context of increasing urbanization, cities have become key sites for rebuilding food systems in order to deliver good food for all. Indeed, municipal governments around the globe are developing food policies to integrate different sectors and actors implicated in delivering food security outcomes. Despite the acknowledgement of the need to develop integrative plans and food governance approaches, sustainable food transitions are conditioned by specific socio-ecological configurations of individual cities. Furthermore, inclusiveness and integration are discursively deployed but challenging to implement on the ground. In order to understand these policy trajectories we mobilised a political ecology framework to explore how the specific configurations of nature and society express themselves in the process and outcomes of urban food policies. We selected two European cities: Cardiff and Cork. These cities represent distinct urban foodscapes and diverse state-civil society relationships. The results of this international comparative study indicate that the specific entry points of each city’s policy trajectory condition the establishment of integral food policies. Our analysis shows how policy opportunities for success are shaped by existing sociocultural dynamics (e.g., social asymmetry, level of engagement from civil society, pre-existing policy environment, and degree of state involvement), as well as particular ecological basis (i.e., availability and access to spaces for growing, share of green spaces, local climate, etc.). Furthermore, the potential of urban food policies to effect change on the city’s foodscape hinges on their capacity to leverage place-based assets, and transform the structural processes that create exclusive and food insecure spaces in the first place.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 1876-4517
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 November 2018
Date of Acceptance: 20 October 2018
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2019 09:17
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/116501

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