Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome

Illing, Patricia T., Pymm, Phillip, Croft, Nathan P., Hilton, Hugo G., Jojic, Vladimir, Han, Alex S., Mendoza, Juan L., Mifsud, Nicole A., Dudek, Nadine L., McCluskey, James, Parham, Peter, Rossjohn, Jamie, Vivian, Julian P. and Purcell, Anthony W. 2018. HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome. Nature Communications 9 (1) , 4693. 10.1038/s41467-018-07109-w

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Immunophenotypic differences between closely related human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles have been associated with divergent clinical outcomes in infection, autoimmunity, transplantation and drug hypersensitivity. Here we explore the impact of micropolymorphism on peptide antigen presentation by three closely related HLA molecules, HLA-B*57:01, HLA-B*57:03 and HLA-B*58:01, that are differentially associated with the HIV elite controller phenotype and adverse drug reactions. For each allotype, we mine HLA ligand data sets derived from the same parental cell proteome to define qualitative differences in peptide presentation using classical peptide binding motifs and an unbiased statistical approach. The peptide repertoires show marked qualitative overlap, with 982 peptides presented by all allomorphs. However, differences in peptide abundance, HLA-peptide stability, and HLA-bound conformation demonstrate that HLA micropolymorphism impacts more than simply the range of peptide ligands. These differences provide grounds for distinct immune reactivity and insights into the capacity of micropolymorphism to diversify immune outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2041-1723
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 November 2018
Date of Acceptance: 12 October 2018
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2018 10:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/116954

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics