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The drying effect on xanthan gum biopolymer treated sandy soil shear strength

Chen, Chunhui, Wu, Li, Perdjon, Michal, Huang, Xiaoyang and Peng, Yaxiong 2019. The drying effect on xanthan gum biopolymer treated sandy soil shear strength. Construction and Building Materials 197 , pp. 271-279. 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.11.120
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Abstract

Biopolymers are environmentally friendly materials which have shown their competitiveness in civil engineering. Researchers mentioned that drying is the crucial factor in the behaviour of biopolymer treated soil, but how it influences soil strength is still unclear. This study explains how drying influences biopolymer treated soil strength, especially for the behaviour of xanthan gum biopolymer and sand interaction during the drying. The xanthan gum biopolymer presented limited effect in the sand when water content was in a high level. With the continuous evaporation of water, bonding property from the biopolymer gradually showed up which lead to the increase of the soil shear strength (40 °C oven). However, when sample dried at the 20 °C room temperature condition, the outer surface of the sample was cemented and crystallised by the xanthan gum biopolymer while the inner part was still moist and weak cross-linked, which lead to the weak shear strength. When the water became completely evaporated, samples under those two different drying conditions presented a significant increase in shear strength. But these results were inconsistent as the biopolymers shrank and became brittle which lead to a variability of cohesion of soil strength. The measured biopolymer bonding property presented consistent results to the findings in the direct shear tests. The schematic diagram of sand motion was proposed to illustrate the biopolymer treated sand shear performance and gave the further explanation of variability of biopolymer treated sand strength.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0950-0618
Funders: China Scholarship Council
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 December 2018
Date of Acceptance: 14 November 2018
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 10:24
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/117606

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