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Improving the predictions of computational models of convection-enhanced drug delivery by accounting for diffusion non-Gaussianity

Messaritaki, Eirini, Umesh, Rudrapatna S, Parker, Greg, Gray, William and Jones, Derek 2018. Improving the predictions of computational models of convection-enhanced drug delivery by accounting for diffusion non-Gaussianity. Frontiers in Neurology 9 , 1092. 10.3389/fneur.2018.01092

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Abstract

Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) is an innovative method of drug delivery to the human brain, that bypasses the blood-brain barrier by injecting the drug directly into the brain. CED aims to target pathological tissue for central nervous system conditions such as Parkinson's and Huntington's disease, epilepsy, brain tumors, and ischemic stroke. Computational fluid dynamics models have been constructed to predict the drug distribution in CED, allowing clinicians advance planning of the procedure. These models require patient-specific information about the microstructure of the brain tissue, which can be collected non-invasively using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pre-infusion. Existing models employ the diffusion tensor, which represents Gaussian diffusion in brain tissue, to provide predictions for the drug concentration. However, those predictions are not always in agreement with experimental observations. In this work we present a novel computational fluid dynamics model for CED that does not use the diffusion tensor, but rather the diffusion probability that is experimentally measured through diffusion MRI, at an individual-participant level. Our model takes into account effects of the brain microstructure on the motion of drug molecules not taken into account in previous approaches, namely the restriction and hindrance that those molecules experience when moving in the brain tissue, and can improve the drug concentration predictions. The duration of the associated MRI protocol is 19 min, and therefore feasible for clinical populations. We first prove theoretically that the two models predict different drug distributions. Then, using in vivo high-resolution diffusion MRI data from a healthy participant, we derive and compare predictions using both models, in order to identify the impact of including the effects of restriction and hindrance. Including those effects results in different drug distributions, and the observed differences exhibit statistically significant correlations with measures of diffusion non-Gaussianity in brain tissue. The differences are more pronounced for infusion in white-matter areas of the brain. Using experimental results from the literature along with our simulation results, we show that the inclusion of the effects of diffusion non-Gaussianity in models of CED is necessary, if reliable predictions that can be used in the clinic are to be generated by CED models.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Experimental MRI Centre (EMRIC)
Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Psychology
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 1664-2295
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 December 2018
Date of Acceptance: 29 November 2018
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 22:16
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/117636

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