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Japanese Buddhism, relativization, and glocalization

Dessi, Ugo 2017. Japanese Buddhism, relativization, and glocalization. Religions 8 (1) , pp. 1-14. 10.3390/rel8010012

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Abstract

Within the field of study on Japanese religions, the issue of globalization tends to be associated with the missionary activities of some successful new religious movements, and there is a certain reluctance to approach analytically the dynamics of glocalization/hybridization and the power issues at stake. In this article, I address these and other related problems by taking my cue from the relativizing effects of globalization and a working definition of religion based on the concept of authority. To this aim, I focus on two case studies. The first concerns the ongoing greening of Japanese Buddhism. The second revolves around the adoption of meditational techniques by priests and lay practitioners in Hawaiian Shin Buddhism. My findings show that there are at least four factors underlying the glocalization of Japanese Buddhism, that is, global consciousness, resonance with the local tradition, decontextualization, and quest for power. Moreover, they indicate that it is possible to distinguish between two types of glocalization (glocalization and chauvinistic glocalization) and two configurations of glocalization (juxtaposition and integration).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BQ Buddhism
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2077-1444
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 25 January 2019
Date of Acceptance: 9 January 2017
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 14:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/117809

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