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NEAT1 and paraspeckles in neurodegenerative diseases: A missing lnc found?

An, Haiyan, Williams, Non G and Shelkovnikova, Tatyana A. 2018. NEAT1 and paraspeckles in neurodegenerative diseases: A missing lnc found? Non-coding RNA Research 3 (4) , pp. 243-252. 10.1016/j.ncrna.2018.11.003

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Abstract

Neurodegenerative diseases are among the most common causes of disability worldwide. Although neurodegenerative diseases are heterogeneous in both their clinical features and the underlying physiology, they are all characterised by progressive loss of specific neuronal populations. Recent experimental evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in the CNS in health and disease. Nuclear Paraspeckle Assembly Transcript 1 (NEAT1) is an abundant, ubiquitously expressed lncRNA, which forms a scaffold for a specific RNA granule in the nucleus, or nuclear body, the paraspeckle. Paraspeckles act as molecular hubs for cellular processes commonly affected by neurodegeneration. Transcriptomic analyses of the diseased human tissue have revealed altered NEAT1 levels in the CNS in major neurodegenerative disorders as well as in some disease models. Although it is clear that changes in NEAT1 expression (and in some cases, paraspeckle assembly) accompany neuronal damage, our understanding of NEAT1 contribution to the disease pathogenesis is still rudimentary. In this review, we have summarised the available knowledge on NEAT1 involvement in the molecular processes linked to neurodegeneration and on NEAT1 dysregulation in this type of disease, with a special focus on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The goal of this review is to attract the attention of researchers in the field of neurodegeneration to NEAT1 and paraspeckles.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: KeAi
ISSN: 2468-0540
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 January 2019
Date of Acceptance: 14 November 2018
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 22:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/118258

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