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LSQ13fn: A type II-Plateau supernova with a possibly low metallicity progenitor that breaks the standardised candle relation

Polshaw, J., Kotak, R., Dessart, L., Fraser, M., Gal-Yam, A., Inserra, C., Sim, S. A., Smartt, S. J., Sollerman, J., Baltay, C., Rabinowitz, D., Benetti, S., Botticella, M. T., Campbell, H., Chen, T.-W., Galbany, L., McKinnon, R., Nicholl, M., Smith, K. W., Sullivan, M., Takáts, K., Valenti, S. and Young, D. R. 2016. LSQ13fn: A type II-Plateau supernova with a possibly low metallicity progenitor that breaks the standardised candle relation. Astronomy and Astrophysics 588 , A1. 10.1051/0004-6361/201527682

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Abstract

We present optical imaging and spectroscopy of supernova (SN) LSQ13fn, a type II supernova with several hitherto-unseen properties. Although it initially showed strong symmetric spectral emission features attributable to He ii, N iii, and C iii, reminiscent of some interacting SNe, it transitioned into an object that would fall more naturally under a type II-Plateau (IIP) classification. However, its spectral evolution revealed several unusual properties: metal lines appeared later than expected, were weak, and some species were conspicuous by their absence. Furthermore, the line velocities were found to be lower than expected given the plateau brightness, breaking the SN IIP standardised candle method for distance estimates. We found that, in combination with a short phase of early-time ejecta-circumstellar material interaction, metal-poor ejecta, and a large progenitor radius could reasonably account for the observed behaviour. Comparisons with synthetic model spectra of SNe IIP of a given progenitor mass would imply a progenitor star metallicity as low as 0.1 Z⊙. LSQ13fn highlights the diversity of SNe II and the many competing physical effects that come into play towards the final stages of massive star evolution immediately preceding core-collapse.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: EDP Sciences
ISSN: 0004-6361
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 January 2019
Date of Acceptance: 29 January 2016
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 12:31
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/118715

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