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The influence of logging upon the foraging behaviour and diet of the endangered Bornean banteng

Gardner, Penny C., Ridge, Stephanie, Ee Wern, Jocelyn Goon and Goossens, Benoit 2019. The influence of logging upon the foraging behaviour and diet of the endangered Bornean banteng. Mammalia 10.1515/mammalia-2018-0075
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Abstract

Logging causes soil compaction and alters the vegetation structure and plant diversity, and ungulates must adapt to modified conditions if they are to survive. We investigated the impact of logging upon the foraging ecology of the Bornean banteng using camera traps and botanical surveys. General linear models were used to explore the effects of site characteristics and plant diversity upon foraging duration, and plant specimens were identified to confirm dietary preferences. Foraging events were recorded over 40,168 nights in five forests. Foraging duration significantly decreased in open areas depauperate in species richness (F=7.82, p=<0.01); however, it increased with elevation (F=3.46, p=0.05). Their diet comprised eight invasive species (Mikania cordata and Chromolaena odorata, Cyperus difformis, Fimbristylis littoralis and Scleria sp., Desmodium triflorum, Eleusine indica and Selaginella sp.), which are characteristic of disturbed forest and fast to establish. Logging creates ideal conditions for these plants, which are preferentially selected by bantengs. Whilst logging may increase forage, the disturbances logging causes to the bantengs and the ensuing poaching may counteract any positive benefits. Developing forest management strategies that incorporate conservation of the bantengs may in turn encourage more favourable conditions for emergent timber species and also conserve this endangered wild cattle species.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: In Press
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: De Gruyter
ISSN: 0025-1461
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 February 2019
Date of Acceptance: 22 November 2018
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 02:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/119661

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