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Mineralogy and sulphur isotope geochemistry of the Broken Spur sulphides, 29°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge

Duckworth, Rowena C., Knott, Richard, Fallick, Anthony E., Rickard, David, Murton, Bramley J. and Van Drover, Cindy 1995. Mineralogy and sulphur isotope geochemistry of the Broken Spur sulphides, 29°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. In: Parson, L. M., Walker, C. L. and Dixon, D. R. eds. Hydrothermal Vents and Processes, Vol. 87. Special Publications, London: Geological Society, pp. 175-189. (10.1144/GSL.SP.1995.087.01.15)

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Abstract

Massive sulphide-sulphate-oxides from the newly discovered Broken Spur hydrothermal field at 29°10′N on the slow-spreading Mid-Atlantic Ridge have been examined to determine their mineralogical, chemical and sulphur isotope characteristics. The chimney and spire samples are dominated by chalcopyrite-isocubanite-pyrrhotiteanhydrite, with the uppermost active areas composed of anhydrite-rich ‘beehive’ structures which act as diffusers for the hydrothermal fluids and scaffolding for the chimney construction. Delicate ‘organ-pipe’ chimney tips grow on the beehive structures. Samples from mounds and the base of active edifices are more enriched in Fe disulphides and sphalerite, with significant amounts of Fe oxyhydroxides and amorphous silica. Sulphur isotope values of sulphides range from −0.8 to 2.4‰, similar to those reported from the Snakepit hydrothermal vent field. This range is significantly lower than the range reported from the fast-spreading East Pacific Rise, and this may be a function of fluid flow paths in differing hydrothermal settings.

Item Type: Book Section
Book Type: Edited Book
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: Geological Society
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 12:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/120015

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