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Cerebral metabolic changes during visuomotor adaptation assessed using quantitative FMRI

Foster, Catherine, Steventon, Jessica, Helme, Daniel, Tomassini, Valentina and Wise, Richard 2019. Cerebral metabolic changes during visuomotor adaptation assessed using quantitative FMRI. BioXriv 10.1101/539130

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Abstract

The neural energetics underlying functional brain plasticity have not been thoroughly investigated in the healthy human brain. A better understanding of the blood flow and metabolism changes underlying plasticity will help us to address pathologies in which plasticity is compromised and, with interventions, could be enhanced for patient benefit. Calibrated fMRI was conducted in 20 healthy participants during performance of a serial reaction time task which induces rapid motor adaptation. Regions of interest (ROIs) were defined from areas showing linearly decreasing task-induced BOLD and CBF responses. BOLD, CBF and relative CMRO2 responses were calculated for each block of the task. The flow-metabolism coupling ratio, n, was also calculated for each ROI. Increases from baseline in BOLD, CBF and CMRO2 were observed in multiple brain regions including the motor and sensorimotor cortices, cerebellum and hippocampus during SRT task performance, as well as changes in the response amplitude from early to late task blocks reflecting task adaptation. CMRO2 responses on average decreased faster than BOLD or CBF responses, potentially due to rapid neural adaptation. However, the mean flow-metabolism coupling ratio was not significantly different between ROIs or across blocks. Calibrated fMRI can be used to study energetic changes during learning in the healthy brain and could be used to investigate the vascular and metabolic changes underlying reductions in plasticity in ageing and disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Submission
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Psychology
Medicine
Physics and Astronomy
Funders: Wellcome Trust, The Waterloo Foundation
Date of Acceptance: 3 February 2019
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2020 03:21
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/120098

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