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A urinary microRNA panel that is an early predictive biomarker of delayed graft function following kidney transplant

Khalid, Usman, Newbury, Lucy J., Simpson, Kate, Jenkins, Robert H., Bowen, Timothy, Bates, Lucy, Sheerin, Neil S., Chavez, Rafael and Fraser, Donald J. 2019. A urinary microRNA panel that is an early predictive biomarker of delayed graft function following kidney transplant. Scientific Reports 9 , 3584. 10.1038/s41598-019-38642-3

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Abstract

Predicting immediate and subsequent graft function is important in clinical decision-making around kidney transplantation, but is difficult using available approaches. Here we have evaluated urinary microRNAs as biomarkers in this context. Profiling of 377 microRNAs in the first urine passed post-transplantation identified 6 microRNAs, confirmed to be upregulated by RT-qPCR in an expanded cohort (miR-9, -10a, -21, -29a, -221, and -429, n = 33, P < 0.05 for each). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed Area Under the Curve 0.94 for this panel. To establish whether this early signal was sustained, miR-21 was measured daily for 5 days post-transplant, and was consistently elevated in those developing Delayed Graft Function (n = 165 samples from 33 patients, p < 0.05). The biomarker panel was then evaluated in an independent cohort, sampled at varying times in the first week post-transplantation in a separate transplant center. When considered individually, all miRs in the panel showed a trend to increase or a significant increase in those developing delayed Graft Function (miR-9: P = 0.068, mIR-10a: P = 0.397, miR-21: P = 0.003, miR-29a: P = 0.019, miR-221: P = 0.1, and miR-429: P = 0.013, n = 47) with Area Under the Curve 0.75 for the panel. In conclusion, combined measurement of six microRNAs had predictive value for delayed graft function following kidney transplantation. Introduction

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
Related URLs:
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 March 2019
Date of Acceptance: 18 December 2018
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 22:18
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/120195

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