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SWR1 and INO80 Chromatin Remodelers Contribute to DNA Double-Strand Break Perinuclear Anchorage Site Choice

Horigome, Chihiro, Oma, Yukako, Konishi, Tatsunori, Schmid, Roger, Marcomini, Isabella, Hauer, Michael H., Dion, Vincent, Harata, Masahiko and Gasser, Susan M. 2014. SWR1 and INO80 Chromatin Remodelers Contribute to DNA Double-Strand Break Perinuclear Anchorage Site Choice. Molecular Cell 55 (4) , 626--639. 10.1016/j.molcel.2014.06.027

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Abstract

Persistent DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are recruited to the nuclear periphery in budding yeast. Both the Nup84 pore subcomplex and Mps3, an inner nuclear membrane (INM) SUN domain protein, have been implicated in DSB binding. It was unclear what, if anything, distinguishes the two potential sites of repair. Here, we characterize and distinguish the two binding sites. First, DSB-pore interaction occurs independently of cell-cycle phase and requires neither the chromatin remodeler INO80 nor recombinase Rad51 activity. In contrast, Mps3 binding is S and G2 phase specific and requires both factors. SWR1-dependent incorporation of Htz1 (H2A.Z) is necessary for break relocation to either site in both G1- and S-phase cells. Importantly, functional assays indicate that mutations in the two sites have additive repair defects, arguing that the two perinuclear anchorage sites define distinct survival pathways.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier (Cell Press)
ISSN: 1097-2765
Last Modified: 19 May 2020 11:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/120298

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