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Linkage between swelling pressure, total suction of saturated bentonites and suction of saturating aqueous solutions

Lang, Lin Zhi, Tripathy, Snehasis, Baille, Wiebke, Schanz, Tom and Sridharan, Asuri 2019. Linkage between swelling pressure, total suction of saturated bentonites and suction of saturating aqueous solutions. Applied Clay Science 171 , pp. 82-91. 10.1016/j.clay.2019.02.007
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Abstract

In deep geological repositories, compacted bentonites have been proposed for use as barrier materials for isolating nuclear waste. The prevailing hydro-mechanical-chemical boundary conditions in the repositories can affect the swelling capacity of compacted bentonites. The present study examines the linkage between the swelling pressure of saturated bentonites, the total suction of saturated bentonites and the suction of hydrating fluids. An equation describing the linkage between these parameters was derived based on the thermodynamics of soil moisture. To validate the derived relationship, laboratory tests involving constant volume swelling pressure tests and total suction measurements after the swelling pressure tests were carried out on a selected Ca-Mg-rich bentonite. Seven bentonite samples with compaction dry density ranging from 1.20 to 1.83 Mg/m3 were hydrated with deionized water, whereas four samples with a dry density of 1.59 Mg/m3 were hydrated with 0.0001 to 2.0 M CaCl2 solutions. The total suctions of the saturated bentonite and the hydrating fluids were determined by using a chilled-mirror hygrometer. The total suction of the saturated bentonite was found to be affected by the compaction dry density and the suction of the hydrating fluids. The experimental results from the present study and from the literature demonstrated that the total suction of saturated bentonites minus the suction of the hydrating fluids used to saturate bentonites is approximately equal to the swelling pressure of saturated bentonites.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0169-1317
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 March 2019
Date of Acceptance: 6 February 2019
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 07:03
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/121183

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