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Peripheral inflammation is associated with altered substantia nigra activity and psychomotor slowing in humans

Brydon, L., Harrison, N.A., Walker, C., Steptoe, A. and Critchley, H.D. 2008. Peripheral inflammation is associated with altered substantia nigra activity and psychomotor slowing in humans. Biological Psychiatry 63 (11) , pp. 1022-1029. 10.1016/j.biopsych.2007.12.007

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Abstract

BackgroundSystemic infections commonly cause sickness symptoms including psychomotor retardation. Inflammatory cytokines released during the innate immune response are implicated in the communication of peripheral inflammatory signals to the brain.MethodsWe used functional magnetic resonance brain imaging (fMRI) to investigate neural effects of peripheral inflammation following typhoid vaccination in 16 healthy men, using a double-blind, randomized, crossover-controlled design.ResultsVaccination had no global effect on neurovascular coupling but markedly perturbed neural reactivity within substantia nigra during low-level visual stimulation. During a cognitive task, individuals in whom typhoid vaccination engendered higher levels of circulating interleukin-6 had significantly slower reaction time responses. Prolonged reaction times and larger interleukin-6 responses were associated with evoked neural activity within substantia nigra.ConclusionsOur findings provide mechanistic insights into the interaction between inflammation and neurocognitive performance, specifically implicating circulating cytokines and midbrain dopaminergic nuclei in mediating the psychomotor consequences of systemic infection.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0006-3223
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 09:55
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/121419

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