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Oscillatory optical flows improve the perception of travelled distance in static observers

Bossard, Martin, Lepecq, Jean-Claude and Mestre, Daniel 2016. Oscillatory optical flows improve the perception of travelled distance in static observers. Journal of Vision 16 (12) , 768. 10.1167/16.12.768

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When static observers are exposed to a visual simulation of forward self-motion, they generally overestimate travelled distance relative to a previously seen distant target (Redlick, Harris, & Jenkin, 2001). Using the same experimental paradigm, we reproduced this result, which can be accounted for by a "leaky path integration" model (Lappe, Jenkin, & Harris, 2007). However, we also showed that a translational optical flow with "biological" additional oscillatory components, simulating head motion during natural walking, allows for better perception of travelled distance, as compared to a purely translational flow. This result can be discussed as an improvement of path integration, using an "ecological" optic flow pattern (close to "natural walking" feedback). In a subsequent experiment, we tested if it is the biological or the rhythmical nature of the simulation which provides better estimates of travelled distance. Participants were standing and passively confronted to three conditions of virtual simulation of self-motion in a 4-sided CAVE: (1) a translational optical flow (2) a translational flow, with an added rhythmic component, via "triangular" oscillations in the vertical axis and (3) a "biological" flow, reproducing natural motion of the head during walking, as previously measured and modelled using a motion capture system. The results confirm that the addition of rhythmical components in the optic flow pattern improve the accuracy of travelled distance. However, they failed to reveal a significant difference between "biological" and "rhythmic" oscillations. Further experiments on the effect of spatio-temporal oscillatory components in the optical flow are required. However, these results can be related to recent studies comparing the effect of smooth and "jittering" optic flows on vection onset and strength (Palmisano et al., 2014). One suggestion is that oscillatory components produce a non-monotonous pattern of retinal motion, maintaining optimal sensitivity to optic flow, and consequently improving the perception of travelled distance.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)
ISSN: 1534-7362
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2019 09:39

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