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Determination of local voltage control strategy of distributed generators in active distribution networks based on kriging metamodel

Li, Peng, Zhang, Chuanchi, Fu, Xiaopeng, Song, Guanyu, Wang, Chengshan and Wu, Jianzhong 2019. Determination of local voltage control strategy of distributed generators in active distribution networks based on kriging metamodel. IEEE Access 7 , pp. 34438-3536. 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2904144

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Abstract

The increasing penetration of uncontrollable distributed generators (NDGs) exacerbates the risk of voltage violations in active distribution networks (ADNs). It is difficult for a centralized control strategy to meet the requirements of fast voltage and reactive power control because of the heavy computational and communication burdens. Local voltage control based on real-time measurements can respond quickly to the frequent fluctuations of distributed generators (DGs). In this paper, a local voltage control strategy of DGs with reactive power optimization based on a kriging metamodel is proposed. First, to build the metamodel for local voltage control, the steps for determining the input variables are presented in detail, and the effects of different variables on the accuracy of the metamodel are analyzed. Then, taking minimum network losses and voltage deviations as the objective function, we construct the metamodel for local voltage control based on kriging methods. Finally, operation strategies for DGs are developed by calculating the optimally weighted vector based on real-time measurements, and the operation strategies for DGs will be added into the original sample set to improve the accuracy of the metamodel. The proposed local voltage control strategy based on only the local measurements can quickly respond to the frequent DG fluctuations, reduce the communication burden for large networks and improve the adaptability of local voltage control in ADNs. Case studies under different scenarios on the IEEE 33-node system and the IEEE 123-node system are conducted to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, and the results show that the proposed method can effectively solve the problems of voltage deviation and voltage fluctuation caused by the high penetration of DGs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISSN: 2169-3536
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 April 2019
Date of Acceptance: 6 March 2019
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2019 10:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/121707

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