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Magnitude of negative priming varies with conceptual task difficulty: Attentional resources are involved in episodic retrieval processes

Von Hecker, Ulrich and Conway, Michael 2010. Magnitude of negative priming varies with conceptual task difficulty: Attentional resources are involved in episodic retrieval processes. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (4) , pp. 666-678. 10.1080/17470210903080711

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Abstract

In a variant of the negative priming (NP) procedure, the larger of two presented animals is to be named in each trial. Eight animals of different sizes are used, which allows a manipulation of conceptual task difficulty in terms of pair distance (difficult: one step, versus easy: three steps) on the series. Distances are varied for prime pairs and probe pairs orthogonally. NP effects were found for easy (wide) probe distances (Experiments 1 and 2) and, additionally, for easy (wide) prime distances (Experiment 2). This pattern is interpreted in terms of different theories of NP, which emphasize either forward-acting (prime to probe) or backward-acting (probe to prime) processes. The present results are most compatible with a backward-acting mechanism defined by the episodic retrieval perspective; they are less compatible with a forward-acting inhibition perspective. The results have implications for resource requirements of retrieval-based accounts of NP.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1747-0218
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:48
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/12185

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