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On the field strength dependence of Bi- and Triexponential Intravoxel Incoherent Motion (IVIM) parameters in the liver

Riexinger, Andreas Julian, Martin, Jan, Rauh, Susanne, Wetscherek, Andreas, Pistel, Mona, Kuder, Tristan Anselm, Nagel, Armin Michael, Uder, Michael, Hensel, Bernhard, Mueller, Lars and Laun, Frederik Bernd 2019. On the field strength dependence of Bi- and Triexponential Intravoxel Incoherent Motion (IVIM) parameters in the liver. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 10.1002/jmri.26730

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Abstract

Background Studies on intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) imaging are carried out with different acquisition protocols. Purpose To investigate the dependence of IVIM parameters on the B0 field strength when using a bi‐ or triexponential model. Study Type Prospective. Study Population 20 healthy volunteers (age: 19–28 years). Field Strength/Sequence Volunteers were examined at two field strengths (1.5 and 3T). Diffusion‐weighted images of the abdomen were acquired at 24 b‐values ranging from 0.2 to 500 s/mm2. Assessment ROIs were manually drawn in the liver. Data were fitted with a bi‐ and a triexponential IVIM model. The resulting parameters were compared between both field strengths. Statistical Tests One‐way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal–Wallis test were used to test the obtained IVIM parameters for a significant field strength dependency. Results At b‐values below 6 s/mm2, the triexponential model provided better agreement with the data than the biexponential model. The average tissue diffusivity was D = 1.22/1.00 μm2/msec at 1.5/3T. The average pseudodiffusion coefficients for the biexponential model were D* = 308/260 μm2/msec at 1.5/3T; and for the triexponential model urn:x-wiley:10531807:media:jmri26730:jmri26730-math-0001 = 81.3/65.9 μm2/msec, urn:x-wiley:10531807:media:jmri26730:jmri26730-math-0002 = 2453/2333 μm2/msec at 1.5/3T. The average perfusion fractions for the biexponential model were f = 0.286/0.303 at 1.5/3T; and for the triexponential model f1 = 0.161/0.174 and f2 = 0.152/0.159 at 1.5/3T. A significant B0 dependence was only found for the biexponential pseudodiffusion coefficient (ANOVA/KW P = 0.037/0.0453) and tissue diffusivity (ANOVA/KW: P < 0.001). Data Conclusion Our experimental results suggest that triexponential pseudodiffusion coefficients and perfusion fractions obtained at different field strengths could be compared across different studies using different B0. However, it is recommended to take the field strength into account when comparing tissue diffusivities or using the biexponential IVIM model. Considering published values for oxygenation‐dependent transversal relaxation times of blood, it is unlikely that the two blood compartments of the triexponential model represent venous and arterial blood.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: In Press
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1053-1807
Date of Acceptance: 12 March 2019
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 11:08
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/122255

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