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Modeling the effects of prior knowledge on learning incongruent features of category members

Heit, Evan, Briggs, Janet and Bott, Lewis 2004. Modeling the effects of prior knowledge on learning incongruent features of category members. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Leaning, Memory and Cognition 30 (5) , pp. 1065-1081. 10.1037/0278-7393.30.5.1065

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Abstract

The authors conducted 3 experiments addressing the issue of how observations and multiple sources of prior knowledge are put together in category learning. In Experiments 1 and 2, learning was faster for critical features, which were predictable on the basis of prior knowledge, than for filler features, and this advantage increased as more observations were made. In addition, learning was fastest for incongruent features that could only be predicted using knowledge from other domains. In Experiment 3, presenting contradictory features that violated prior knowledge led to rote learning rather than use of prior knowledge. The results were simulated with the Baywatch model, which addresses how observations of category members lead to recruitment and selection of sources of prior knowledge. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ISSN: 0278-7393
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:48
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/12271

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