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A coupled physical-computational methodology for the investigation of short fall related infant head impact injury

Khalid, Ghaidaa A., Prabhu, Raj K., Arthurs, Owen and Jones, Michael D. 2019. A coupled physical-computational methodology for the investigation of short fall related infant head impact injury. Forensic Science International 300 , pp. 170-186. 10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.04.034

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Abstract

Head injury in childhood is the most common cause of death or permanent disability from injury. However, insufficient understanding exists of the response of a child’s head to injurious loading scenarios to establish cause and effect relationships to assist forensic and safetly investigations. Largely as a result of a lack of availability of paediatric clinical and Post-Mortem-Human-Surrogate (PMHS) experimental data, a new approach to infant head injury experimentation has been developed. A coupled-methodology, combining a physical infant head surrogate, producing “real world” global, regional and localised impact response data and a computational Finite-Element (FE-head) model was created and validated against available PMHS and physical model global impact response data. Experimental impact simulations were performed to investigate regional and localised injury vulnerability. Different regions of the head produced accelerations significantly greater than those calculated using the currently available method of measuring the global, whole head response. The majority of material strain was produced within the relatively elastic suture and fontanelle regions, rather than the skull bones. A subsequent parametric analysis was conducted to provide a correlation between fall height and areas of maximum-stress-response and fracture-risk-probability. The FE-head was further applied to investigating fracture risk, simulating injurious PMHS impacts and a good qualitative match was observed. The FE-head shows significant potential for the study of infant head injury and is anticipated to be a motivating tool for the improvement of head injury understanding across a range of potentially injurious head loading scenarios.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0379-0738
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2019 08:17
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/123066

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