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The JCMT BISTRO survey: the magnetic field of the Barnard 1 star-forming region

Coudé, Simon, Bastien, Pierre, Houde, Martin, Sadavoy, Sarah, Friesen, Rachel, Francesco, James Di, Johnstone, Doug, Mairs, Steve, Hasegawa, Tetsuo, Kwon, Woojin, Lai, Shih-Ping, Qiu, Keping, Ward-Thompson, Derek, Berry, David, Chen, Michael Chun-Yuan, Fiege, Jason, Franzmann, Erica, Hatchell, Jennifer, Lacaille, Kevin, Matthews, Brenda C., Moriarty-Schieven, Gerald H., Pon, Andy, André, Philippe, Arzoumanian, Doris, Aso, Yusuke, Byun, Do-Young, Eswaraiah, Chakali, Chen, Huei-Ru, Chen, Wen Ping, Ching, Tao-Chung, Cho, Jungyeon, Choi, Minho, Chrysostomou, Antonio, Chung, Eun Jung, Doi, Yasuo, Drabek-Maunder, Emily, Dowell, C. Darren, Eyres, Stewart P. S., Falle, Sam, Friberg, Per, Fuller, Gary, Furuya, Ray S., Gledhill, Tim, Graves, Sarah F., Greaves, Jane S., Griffin, Matthew J., Gu, Qilao, Hayashi, Saeko S., Hoang, Thiem, Holland, Wayne, Inoue, Tsuyoshi, Inutsuka, Shu-ichiro, Iwasaki, Kazunari, Jeong, Il-Gyo, Kanamori, Yoshihiro, Kataoka, Akimasa, Kang, Ji-hyun, Kang, Miju, Kang, Sung-ju, Kawabata, Koji S., Kemper, Francisca, Kim, Gwanjeong, Kim, Jongsoo, Kim, Kee-Tae, Kim, Kyoung Hee, Kim, Mi-Ryang, Kim, Shinyoung, Kirk, Jason M., Kobayashi, Masato I. N., Koch, Patrick M., Kwon, Jungmi, Lee, Jeong-Eun, Lee, Chang Won, Lee, Sang-Sung, Li, Dalei, Li, Di, Li, Hua-bai, Liu, Hong-Li, Liu, Junhao, Liu, Sheng-Yuan, Liu, Tie, Loo, Sven van, Lyo, A-Ran, Matsumura, Masafumi, Nagata, Tetsuya, Nakamura, Fumitaka, Nakanishi, Hiroyuki, Ohashi, Nagayoshi, Onaka, Takashi, Parsons, Harriet, Pattle, Kate, Peretto, Nicolas, Pyo, Tae-Soo, Qian, Lei, Rao, Ramprasad, Rawlings, Mark G., Retter, Brendan, Richer, John, Rigby, Andrew, Robitaille, Jean-François, Saito, Hiro, Savini, Giorgio, Scaife, Anna M. M., Seta, Masumichi, Shinnaga, Hiroko, Soam, Archana, Tamura, Motohide, Tang, Ya-Wen, Tomisaka, Kohji, Tsukamoto, Yusuke, Wang, Hongchi, Wang, Jia-Wei, Whitworth, Anthony P., Yen, Hsi-Wei, Yoo, Hyunju, Yuan, Jinghua, Zenko, Tetsuya, Zhang, Chuan-Peng, Zhang, Guoyin, Zhou, Jianjun and Zhu, Lei 2019. The JCMT BISTRO survey: the magnetic field of the Barnard 1 star-forming region. The Astrophysical Journal 877 (2) , 88. 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1b23

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Abstract

We present the POL-2 850 μm linear polarization map of the Barnard 1 clump in the Perseus molecular cloud complex from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations survey at the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We find a trend of decreasing polarization fraction as a function of total intensity, which we link to depolarization effects toward higher-density regions of the cloud. We then use the polarization data at 850 μm to infer the plane-of-sky orientation of the large-scale magnetic field in Barnard 1. This magnetic field runs north–south across most of the cloud, with the exception of B1-c, where it turns more east–west. From the dispersion of polarization angles, we calculate a turbulence correlation length of 5.0 ± 2farcs5 (1500 au) and a turbulent-to-total magnetic energy ratio of 0.5 ± 0.3 inside the cloud. We combine this turbulent-to-total magnetic energy ratio with observations of NH3 molecular lines from the Green Bank Ammonia Survey to estimate the strength of the plane-of-sky component of the magnetic field through the Davis–Chandrasekhar–Fermi method. With a plane-of-sky amplitude of 120 ± 60 μG and a criticality criterion λ c = 3.0 ± 1.5, we find that Barnard 1 is a supercritical molecular cloud with a magnetic field nearly dominated by its turbulent component.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
ISSN: 15384357
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 June 2019
Date of Acceptance: 18 April 2019
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 15:44
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/123131

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