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Level of agreement between frequently used cardiovascular risk calculators in people living with HIV

Dhillon, S., Sabin, C. A., Alagaratnam, J., Bagkeris, E., Post, F. A., Boffito, M., Anderson, J., Vera, J., Williams, I., Johnson, M., Sachikonye, M., Babalis, D., Mallon, P. W., Winston, A., Ndoutoumou, Amalia, Post, Frank, Asboe, David, Garvey, Lucy, Pozniak, Anton, Clarke, Amanda, Bexley, Andrew, Richardson, Celia, Kirk, Sarah, Gleig, Rebecca, Bracchi, Margherita, Pagani, Nicole, Cerrone, Maddalena, Bradshaw, Daniel, Ferretti, Francesca, Higgs, Chris, Seah, Elisha, Fletcher, Stephen, Anthonipillai, Michelle, Moyes, Ashley, Deats, Katie, Syed, Irtiza, Matthews, Clive, Fernando, Peter, Chiwome, Chido, Hardwick, Shane, Anderson, Jane, Mguni, Sifiso, Clark, Rebecca, Nevin-Dolan, Rhiannon, Pelluri, Sambasivarao, Campbell, Lucy, Yurdakul, Selin, Okumu, Sara, Pollard, Louise, Santana-Suarez, Beatriz, Mallon, Paddy, Macken, Alan, Ghavani-Kia, Bijan, Maher, Joanne, Byrne, Maria, Flaherty, Ailbhe, Babu, Sumesh, Williams, Ian, Otiko, Damilola, Phillips, Laura, Laverick, Rosanna, Beynon, Michelle, Salz, Anna-Lena, Severn, Abigail, Winston, Alan, Garvey, Lucy, Underwood, Jonathan, Tembo, Lavender, Stott, Matthew, McDonald, Linda, Dransfield, Felix, Whitehouse, Andrew, Burgess, Laura, Babalis, Daphne, Johnson, Margaret, Ngwu, Nnenna, Hemat, Nargis, Jones, Martin, Carroll, Anne, Kinloch, Sabine, Youle, Mike, Madge, Sara, Sabin, Caroline, De Francesco, Davide and Bagkeris, Emmanouil 2019. Level of agreement between frequently used cardiovascular risk calculators in people living with HIV. HIV Medicine 20 (5) , pp. 347-352. 10.1111/hiv.12731

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Abstract

Objectives The aim of the study was to describe agreement between the QRISK2, Framingham and Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti‐HIV Drugs (D:A:D) cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators in a large UK study of people living with HIV (PLWH). Methods PLWH enrolled in the Pharmacokinetic and Clinical Observations in People over Fifty (POPPY) study without a prior CVD event were included in this study. QRISK2, Framingham CVD and the full and reduced D:A:D CVD scores were calculated; participants were stratified into ‘low’ (< 10%), ‘intermediate’ (10–20%) and ‘high’ (> 20%) categories for each. Agreement between scores was assessed using weighted kappas and Bland–Altman plots. Results The 730 included participants were predominantly male (636; 87.1%) and of white ethnicity (645; 88.5%), with a median age of 53 [interquartile range (IQR) 49–59] years. The median calculated 10‐year CVD risk was 11.9% (IQR 6.8–18.4%), 8.9% (IQR 4.6–15.0%), 8.5% (IQR 4.8–14.6%) and 6.9% (IQR 4.1–11.1%) when using the Framingham, QRISK2, and full and reduced D:A:D scores, respectively. Agreement between the different scores was generally moderate, with the highest level of agreement being between the Framingham and QRISK2 scores (weighted kappa = 0.65) but with most other kappa coefficients in the 0.50–0.60 range. Conclusions Estimates of predicted 10‐year CVD risk obtained with commonly used CVD risk prediction tools demonstrate, in general, only moderate agreement among PLWH in the UK. While further validation with clinical endpoints is required, our findings suggest that care should be taken when interpreting any score alone.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1464-2662
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 June 2019
Date of Acceptance: 8 April 2019
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2019 10:15
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/123395

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