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Do people living with HIV experience greater age advancement than their HIV-negative counterparts?

De Francesco, Davide, Wit, Ferdinand W., Burkle, Alexander, Oehlke, Sebastian, Kootstra, Neeltje A., Winston, Alan, Franceschi, Claudio, Garagnani, Paolo, Pirazzini, Chiara, Libert, Claude, Grune, Tilman, Weber, Daniela, Jansen, Eugene H. J. M., Sabin, Caroline A., Reiss, Peter, Reiss, P., Winston, A., Wit, F. W., Prins, M., van der Loeff, M. F. Schim, Schouten, J., Schmand, B., Geurtsen, G. J., Sharp, D. J., Caan, M. W. A., Majoie, C., Villaudy, J., Berkhout, B., Kootstra, N. A., Gisslen, M., Pasternak, A., Sabin, C. A., Guaraldi, G., Burkle, A., Libert, C., Franceschi, C., Kalsbeek, A., Fliers, E., Hoeijmakers, J., Pothof, J., van der Valk, M., Bisschop, P. H., Portegies, P., Zaheri, S., Burger, D., Cole, J. H., Biirkle, A., Zikkenheiner, W., Janssen, F. R., Underwood, J., Kooij, K. W., van Zoest, R. A., Doyle, N., van der Loeff, M. Schim, Schmand, B. A., Verheij, E., Verboeket, S. O., Elsenga, B. C., Hillebregt, M. M. J., Ruijs, Y. M. C., Benschop, D. P., Tembo, L., McDonald, L., Stott, M., Legg, K., Lovell, A., Erlwein, O., Kingsley, C., Norsworthy, P., Mullaney, S., Kruijer, T., del Grande, L., Olthof, V, Visser, G. R., May, L., Verbraak, F., Demirkaya, N., Visser, I, Majoie, C. B. L. M., Su, T., Leech, R., Huguet, J., Frankin, E., van der Kuyl, A., Weijer, K., Siteur-Van Rijnstra, E., Harskamp-Holwerda, A. M., Maurer, I, Ruiz, M. M. Mangas, Girigorie, A. F., Boeser-Nunnink, B., Kals-Beek, A., Bisschop, P. H. L. T., de Graaff-Teulen, M., Dewaele, S., Garagnani, P., Pirazzini, C., Capri, M., Dall'Olio, F., Chiricolo, M., Salvioli, S., Fuchs, D., Zetterberg, H., Weber, D., Grune, T., Jansen, E. H. J. M., De Francesco, D., Sindlinger, T. and Oehlke, S. 2019. Do people living with HIV experience greater age advancement than their HIV-negative counterparts? AIDS 33 (2) , pp. 259-268. 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002063

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Abstract

Objectives: Despite successful antiretroviral therapy, people living with HIV (PLWH) may show signs of premature/accentuated aging. We compared established biomarkers of aging in PLWH, appropriately chosen HIV-negative individuals, and blood donors, and explored factors associated with biological age advancement. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of 134 PLWH on suppressive antiretroviral therapy, 79 lifestyle-comparable HIV-negative controls aged 45 years or older from the Co-mor- Bidity in Relation to AIDS (COBRA) cohort, and 35 age-matched blood donors. Methods: Biological age was estimated using a validated algorithm based on 10 biomarkers. Associations between ‘age advancement’ (biological minus chronological age) and HIV status/parameters, lifestyle, cytomegalovirus (CMV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections were investigated using linear regression. Results: The average (95% CI) age advancement was greater in both HIV-positive [13.2 (11.6–14.9) years] and HIV-negative [5.5 (3.8–7.2) years] COBRA participants compared with blood donors [7.0 (4.1 to 9.9) years, both P’s<0.001)], but also in HIV-positive compared with HIV-negative participants (P<0.001). Chronic HBV, higher anti-CMV IgG titer and CD8þ T-cell count were each associated with increased age advancement, independently of HIV-status/group. Among HIV-positive participants, age advancement was increased by 3.5 (0.1–6.8) years among those with nadir CD4þ T-cell count less than 200 cells/ml and by 0.1 (0.06–0.2) years for each additional month of exposure to saquinavir.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 0269-9370
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 June 2019
Date of Acceptance: 28 June 2018
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 11:01
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/123400

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