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Metal-support cooperative effects in Au/VPO for the aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzyl benzoate

Campisi, Sebastiano, Ferri, Michele, Chan-Thaw, Carine, Sanchez Trujillo, Felipe, Motta, Davide, Tabanelli, Tommaso, Dimitratos, Nikolaos and Villa, Alberto 2019. Metal-support cooperative effects in Au/VPO for the aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzyl benzoate. Nanomaterials 9 (2) , 299. 10.3390/nano9020299

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Abstract

This paper studies the cooperative effect of Au nanoparticles deposited on vanadyl pyrophosphate oxide (VPO) in the liquid phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol. VPO was prepared using the classical method by thermally treating VOHPO4·0.5H2O precursor in reacting atmosphere at 420 °C for a period of 72 h. Au nanoparticles were deposited by incipient wetness method. The catalysts were characterized by means of XRD, TEM, XPS and Raman. The bulk VPO catalyst contains vanadyl pyrophosphate phase ((VO)2P2O7), and a small amount of VOPO4. The catalytic system exhibits a high activity in the base-free liquid phase oxidation of alcohols compared to Au on activated carbon, classic catalyst used for this type of reaction. Au/VPO showed a high peculiar selectivity to benzyl benzoate (76%), an important product used in the pharmaceutical and perfume industries. This behavior might be ascribed to the presence of strong acid sites of VPO, as determined by liquid phase titration. Stability tests performed on Au/VPO showed a deactivation of 10% after the first run, but a constant conversion along the following five cycles. This phenomenon can be attributed to the increase of mean Au particle size (from 19.1 to 23.4 nm) after recycling tests as well as the partial leaching of Au and V in the reaction media. Moreover, XRD evidenced a modification in the VPO structure with the partial formation of VOHPO4·0.5H2O phase.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2079-4991
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 June 2019
Date of Acceptance: 15 February 2019
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 10:15
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/123543

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