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Connections between micro/nano scale heterogeneity of mechanical properties of coals and their propensity to outbursts and crushing

Kossovich, E.L., Epshtein, S.A., Borodich, F.M., Dobryakova, N.N. and Prosina, V.A. 2019. Connections between micro/nano scale heterogeneity of mechanical properties of coals and their propensity to outbursts and crushing. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin 5 , pp. 156-172. 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-05-0-156-172
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Abstract

The outbursts of coal and gas is one of the main coal mining hazards, therefore, for the coal mining industry, studying of mechanisms and predisposing factors for these events is of the utmost importance. It is demonstrated here that the micro/nano scale structure of coal samples is one of predisposing factors for the coal propensity to outburst. The same is related to the coal propensity to crushing and formation of fine powder (dust). The results of micro/nanoindentation experimental studies of heterogeneity of spatial distribution brittleness and mechanical properties of coals at micro/nano scales are presented for samples taken from both hazardous (outburstprone) and non-hazardous strata (packs) of the same coal seam. The experiments were performed on both ‘as received’ coal samples and ones after sorption treatment by dimethylformamide. The latter treatment allowed to partially discharge the internal stresses that exist in the coal samples. The mapping the indentation results enabled us to reveal the actual heterogeneity of distribution of mechanical properties at nanoscale. It has been confirmed that hardness of coals at microand nanoscale is not an informative parameter for characterization of their propensity to destruction. It was established that higher heterogeneity of stiffness could be a reason to formation of multiple cracks at coals after microhardness tests. The part of energy spent for the irreversible changes in the material structure within the total work of indentation is the parameter indicating clearly the propensity of coal samples to crushing and formation of fine powder (dust). Coal samples from the non-hazardous packs have a low ratio of inclusions prone to irreversible changes of the structure and those prone to keeping their structural integrity, while the ratio is about a unity for samples from the hazardous packs. Thus, there is a natural distinction of the mechanical properties between two coal samples having similar origin and rank but different in their proneness to instantaneous outbursts.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
ISSN: 0236-1493
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 July 2019
Date of Acceptance: 15 April 2019
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 15:17
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/123984

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