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Nature and evolution of crust in Southern Lhasa, Tibet: transformation from microcontinent to juvenile terrane

Ma, Lin, Kerr, Andrew C., Wang, Qiang, Jiang, Zi-Qi, Tang, Gong-Jian, Yang, Jin-Hui, Xia, Xiao-Ping, Hu, Wan-Long, Yang, Zong-Yong and Sun, Peng 2019. Nature and evolution of crust in Southern Lhasa, Tibet: transformation from microcontinent to juvenile terrane. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth 124 (7) , pp. 6452-6474. 10.1029/2018JB017106

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Abstract

The nature and pre‐Cenozoic evolution history of crust in southern Lhasa, which is crucial for our understanding of Indo‐Asian continental collision and Tibetan uplift during the Cenozoic, remains controversial due to a “missing” pre‐Mesozoic magmatic record. In this contribution, we report petrological and geochemical data for newly identified Paleozoic bimodal magmatism in the Zhengga area of southern Tibet. The magmatism comprises Late Devonian‐Early Carboniferous (366–353 Ma) amphibolite and two‐mica gneissic granite. The protoliths of the Zhengga amphibolite were gabbro and diorite with low SiO2 and high MgO, Cr, and Ni contents with high εNd(t) values of +3.3 to +8.0, variable and positive zircon εHf(t) of +0.9 to +11.2, and low zircon δ18O of 5.7 ± 0.2‰. These protoliths are proposed to have formed by decompression melting of asthenosphere during intracontinental back‐arc extension. In contrast, the granite has relatively high SiO2 and low MgO contents with much lower εNd(t) of −8.6 to −7.3, variable and negative zircon εHf(t) of −10.4 to −1.3, and high zircon δ18O of 9.4 ± 0.2‰ values and was most likely derived from an ancient metasedimentary source. This magma subsequently underwent recharge with minor amounts mafic magma followed by fractional crystallization of K‐feldspar in middle‐upper crust (~10–20 km) magma chambers. Using our new data, in combination with Nd‐Hf isotopes, we present the first comprehensive picture of crustal evolution in southern Lhasa. The southern Lhasa sub‐block is likely to have been a microcontinent that underwent extensive Phanerozoic crustal reworking and growth, rather than a Mesozoic‐Early Tertiary juvenile accretionary arc terrane.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
ISSN: 2169-9313
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 July 2019
Date of Acceptance: 19 June 2019
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 08:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124231

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