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The anisotropic elastic behavior of the widely-used triply-periodic minimal surface based scaffolds

Lu, Yongtao, Zhao, Wenying, Cui, Zhentao, Zhu, Hanxing and Wu, Chengwei 2019. The anisotropic elastic behavior of the widely-used triply-periodic minimal surface based scaffolds. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 99 , pp. 56-65. 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.07.012

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Abstract

The Triple Periodic Minimal Surface (TPMS) has emerged as a new approach for producing open cell porous scaffolds for biomedical applications. However, different from the traditional scaffolds, the TPMS scaffolds always exhibit anisotropic elastic behaviors and consequently the simple mechanical testing is not capable to provide a full characterization of their mechanical behaviors. Additionally, it is still unclear if the TPMS scaffolds possess the similar anisotropic behaviors as the natural bones. The aim of the present study was to analyze the anisotropic elastic behaviors of TPMS based scaffolds using the numerical homogenization method and the analytical analysis approach. Five widely-used TPMS scaffold topologies (Diamond, Gyroid, Fischer-Koch S, Schwarz P and F-RD) were investigated. The independent elastic constants were determined from the analytical analysis and then, the values for these independent constants were determined using the finite element (FE) unit cell models of the scaffolds combined with the periodic boundary condition. The analytical analysis revealed that the Diamond, Gyroid and Fischer-Koch S topologies are threefold rotational symmetric and consequently have seven independent elastic constants. The Schwarz P and F-RD topologies are cubic symmetric and have three independent elastic constants. The FE analysis showed that the Diamond, Gyroid and Fischer-Koch S based scaffolds have only three non-zero independent elastic constants, implying the cubic symmetric property of these scaffolds. All the independent elastic constants decreased quadratically with the increase of scaffold porosity. The absolute difference between the Zener anisotropic factor and one increased the most for the Gyroid based scaffold, while the value for the Fischer-Koch S based scaffold increased the least. The present study revealed that all the five TPMS scaffolds possess cubic symmetry, limiting their anisotropic behaviors. The information on the Zener anisotropic factor and the relationship between the scaffold elastic constants and the porosity can facilitate the selection and design of scaffolds in biomedicine and relevant fields.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1751-6161
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 July 2019
Date of Acceptance: 18 July 2019
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2019 15:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124382

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