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Influence of laser processing strategy and remelting on surface structure and porosity development during selective laser melting of a metallic material

Qiu, Chunlei, Wang, Zhuo, Aladawi, Aiman Salim, Kindi, Mohammed Al, Hatmi, Issa Al, Chen, Hu and Chen, Lei 2019. Influence of laser processing strategy and remelting on surface structure and porosity development during selective laser melting of a metallic material. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 50 (9) , pp. 4423-4434. 10.1007/s11661-019-05348-0

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Abstract

316L samples were fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) with different laser powers and scanning strategies/patterns. The porosity distribution and surface structures of the as-fabricated samples were characterized using optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. This combined with a mathematical modeling of the SLM process aims to understand the formation mechanism of pores in a newly built layer and the role of remelting of previous layers on internal porosity development. It is shown that the surface structure and the formation of pores in a newly built layer are mainly associated with melt flow behavior, but the formation of pores within bulk samples, particularly those at interlayer interfaces, were largely dictated by the extent of remelting of previous layers during SLM. Laser melting of a powder layer tends to develop rough surfaces and open pores on the uppermost layer. With laser remelting of a newly built layer, the sample surfaces become much smoother and the pores within the uppermost layer can be completely eliminated. During SLM processing, sufficient remelting of previous layers leads to development of good bonding at the interlayer interfaces, whereas less extent of remelting of previous layers results in an increased number of pores at the interlayer interfaces. Laser power or energy density shows a much more dominant role than the laser scanning strategy in porosity development, which is attributed to the fact that laser power or energy density shows greater influence on the extent of remelting as compared with the latter. The mechanism on how remelting affects the evolution of pores is also demonstrated through modeling.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Engineering
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 1073-5623
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 09:31
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124553

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