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The mass, location, and heating of the dust in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant

Priestley, F D, Barlow, M J and De Looze, I 2019. The mass, location, and heating of the dust in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 485 (1) , pp. 440-451. 10.1093/mnras/stz414

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Abstract

We model the thermal dust emission from dust grains heated by synchrotron radiation and by particle collisions, under conditions appropriate for four different shocked and unshocked gas components of the Cassiopeia A (Cas A) supernova remnant (SNR). By fitting the resulting spectral energy distributions (SEDs) to the observed SNR dust fluxes, we determine the required mass of dust in each component. We find the observed SED can be reproduced by ∼0.6M⊙ of silicate grains, the majority of which is in the unshocked ejecta and heated by the synchrotron radiation field. Warmer dust, located in the X-ray emitting reverse shock and blastwave regions, contribute to the shorter wavelength infrared emission but make only a small fraction of the total dust mass. Carbon grains can at most make up ∼25 per cent of the total dust mass. Combined with estimates for the gas masses, we obtain dust-to-gas mass ratios for each component, which suggest that the condensation efficiency in the ejecta is high, and that dust in the shocked ejecta clumps is well protected from destruction by sputtering in the reverse shock.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 30 January 2019
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2019 10:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124713

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