Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Evaluation of external cardiac massage performance during hypogravity simulation

Dalmarco, Gustavo, Calder, Alyson, Falcao, Felipe, de Azevedo, Dario F. G, Sarkar, Subhajit, Evetts, Simon, Moniz, Samuel and Russomano, Thais 2006. Evaluation of external cardiac massage performance during hypogravity simulation. Presented at: International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, New York, US, 30 Aug-3 Sep 2006. 2006 International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE, p. 2904. 10.1109/IEMBS.2006.259444

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Preservation of astronaut crew health during an exploration mission to the Moon or Mars will be crucial to mission success. The likelyhood of a life threatening medical condition occurring during a mission to Mars has been estimated by NASA to be 1% per year. Since basic life support is a vital skill in critical care medicine, plans must be in place for cardiopulmonary resuscitation in both microgravity and hypogravity (i.e. on the surface of the Moon or Mars). Following the design of a body suspension device to simulate a hypogravity environment, subjects performed external chest compressions in 1G, 0.17G (Lunar), 0.38G (Mars) and 0.7G ('Planet X'). Chest compression adequacy was assessed by means of rate and depth. Heart rate immediately before and after 3 minutes of chest compression gave a measure of rescuer fatigue. Elbow flexion was measured using an electrogoniometer in order to assess the use of arm muscles to achieve chest compressions. This study found that depth (Lunar and Mars) and rate (Mars) of chest compression was below American Heart Association recommendations during hypogravity simulation in the female group. Furthermore, elbow flexion proved to be significantly greater during Lunar and Mars hypogravity simulation than that of the 1G control condition, suggesting that upper arm force may be used to counter the loss of body weight in an attempt to maintain adequate chest compression under these conditions

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: IEEE
ISBN: 1424400325
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2019 14:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124724

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item