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Regional differences in the contributions of TNF reverse and forward signaling to the establishment of sympathetic innervation

Erice, Clara, Calhan, O. Yipkin, Kisiswa, Lilian, Wyatt, Sean and Davies, Alun M. 2019. Regional differences in the contributions of TNF reverse and forward signaling to the establishment of sympathetic innervation. Developmental Neurobiology 79 (4) , pp. 317-334. 10.1002/dneu.22680

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Abstract

Members of the TNF and TNF receptor superfamilies acting by both forward and reverse signaling are increasingly recognized as major physiological regulators of axon growth and tissue innervation in development. Studies of the experimentally tractable superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons and their targets have shown that only TNF reverse signaling, not forward signaling, is a physiological regulator of sympathetic innervation. Here, we compared SCG neurons and their targets with prevertebral ganglion (PVG) neurons and their targets. Whereas all SCG targets were markedly hypoinnervated in both TNF‐deficient and TNFR1‐deficient mice, PVG targets were not hypoinnervated in these mice and one PVG target, the spleen, was significantly hyperinnervated. These in vivo regional differences in innervation density were related to in vitro differences in the responses of SCG and PVG neurons to TNF reverse and forward signaling. Though TNF reverse signaling enhanced SCG axon growth, it did not affect PVG axon growth. Whereas activation of TNF forward signaling in PVG axons inhibited growth, TNF forward signaling could not be activated in SCG axons. These latter differences in the response of SCG and PVG axons to TNF forward signaling were related to TNFR1 expression, whereas PVG axons expressed TNFR1, SCG axons did not. These results show that both TNF reverse and forward signaling are physiological regulators of sympathetic innervation in different tissues.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley Blackwill
ISSN: 1932-8451
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 7 April 2019
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2019 10:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124794

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