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A descriptive model of shared decision making derived from routine implementation in clinical practice ('Implement-SDM'): Qualitative study

Joseph-Williams, Natalie, Williams, Denitza, Wood, Fiona, Lloyd, Amy, Brain, Katherine, Thomas, Nerys, Prichard, Alison, Goodland, Annwen, McGarrigle, Helen, Sweetland, Helen and Edwards, Adrian 2019. A descriptive model of shared decision making derived from routine implementation in clinical practice ('Implement-SDM'): Qualitative study. Patient Education and Counseling 102 (10) , pp. 1774-1785. 10.1016/j.pec.2019.07.016

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Abstract

Objective Research is needed to understand how Shared Decision-Making (SDM) is enacted in routine clinical settings. We aimed to 1) describe the process of SDM between clinicians and patients; 2) examine how well the SDM process compares to a prescriptive model of SDM, and 3) propose a descriptive model based on observed SDM in routine practice. Methods Patients with chronic kidney disease and early stage breast cancer were recruited consecutively via Cardiff and Vale University Health Board (UK) teams. Consultations were audio-recorded, transcribed and thematically analysed. Results Seventy-six consultations were observed: 26 pre-dialysis consultations and two consultations each for 25 breast cancer patients. Key stages of the ‘Three Talk Model’ were observed. However, we also observed more elements and greater complexity: a distinct preparation phase; tailored and evolving integrative option conversation; patients and clinicians developing ‘informed preferences’; distributed and multi-stage decisions; and a more open-ended planning discussion. Use of decision aids was limited. Conclusion A more complex picture was observed compared with previous portrayals in current theoretical models. Practice iImplications The model can provide a basis for future training and initiatives to promote SDM, and tackle the gap between what is advocated in policy, but rarely achieved in practice.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0738-3991
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 13 July 2019
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2020 14:32
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/125072

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