Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Life cycle assessment and life cycle costing of sanitary ware manufacturing: A case study in China

Lyu, Jingxiang, Gu, Fu, Zhang, Wujie and Guo, Jianfeng 2019. Life cycle assessment and life cycle costing of sanitary ware manufacturing: A case study in China. Journal of Cleaner Production 238 , 117938. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.117938
Item availability restricted.

[img] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 6 August 2020 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (2MB)
[img] PDF (Appendix) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only until 6 August 2020 due to copyright restrictions.

Download (478kB)

Abstract

Sanitary ware industry consumes vast amounts of energy and materials; however, little is known about the environmental impacts and economic costs associated with the production of sanitary ware. Selecting a factory of a leading Chinese sanitary ware company, Huida Co. Ltd., this paper employs a combined “cradle-to-gate” life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle costing (LCC) methodology to evaluate the environmental impacts and economic costs related to the production of one tonne of sanitary ware. The LCA results indicate firing and drying are the processes with the greatest environmental impacts, attributing to the combustion of coke oven gas. The LCC results show that casting, body preparation and firing are the greatest contributors to the total equipment, material and energy costs, respectively. The results of sensitivity analysis confirm that increasing fuel efficiency, natural gas usage and recycling rates can reduce the overall environmental impacts, but the total costs would be increased by 13.8% if coke oven gas is fully replaced by natural gas, even considering carbon tax. Based on the findings, recommendations such as using green materials and improving energy efficiency, are provided to promote both the environmental and economic sustainability of sanitary ware production.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0959-6526
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 5 August 2019
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2020 09:05
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/125979

Citation Data

Cited 10 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics