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Experimental studies on the effect of properties and micro-structure on the creep of concrete-filled steel tubes

Zhang, Rongling, Ma, Lina, Wang, Qicai, Li, Jia, Wang, Yu, Chen, Huisu and Samosvat, Valeriia 2019. Experimental studies on the effect of properties and micro-structure on the creep of concrete-filled steel tubes. Materials 12 (7) , 1046. 10.3390/ma12071046

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Abstract

To study different lateral restraints, different constituents of expansion agents, the influence of different steel ratios, and concrete creep properties, we carried out experiments with lateral restraint and without lateral restraint conditions separately on 12 specimens with the expansion agent content accounting for 4%, 8%, and 12% respectively. In addition, the creep tests were performed on specimens with different steel ratios of 0.0%, 3.8%, 6.6%, and 9.2%. The test results show that the lateral restraint improves the strength of the system (concrete-filled steel tubes) which resists further load after the concrete ultimate strength is surpassed and reduces the creep. The creep degree of the concrete-filled steel tube with lateral restraint is about 0.09–0.30 times smaller than that of the tube without lateral restraints. The creep degree of the concrete-filled steel tube increases as the steel ratio decreases. Creep tests with different amounts of expansion agent indicate that the creep degree of the concrete structure increases as expansion agent content decreases. To study the internal mechanism of the creep of concrete-filled steel tubes with different lateral restraints and different expansion agent concentrations, a microscopic pore structure test on the steel core concrete was conducted using the RapidAir457 pore structure instrument. Microscopic studies show that the air content and the length of the bubble chord of the laterally restrained core concrete are lower than those without lateral restraint core concrete. The amount of air content and the length of the bubble chord of core concrete specimens increase as the expansion agent content in the core concrete specimens decreases from 12% to 4%. Under the same external loading conditions, as steel ratio increases, the lateral restraint causes a further reduction of creep. The results of this study suggest that the creep of concrete can be reduced by selecting appropriate lateral restraint conditions and an optimal amount of expansion agent in the mix design of concrete for concrete-filled steel tubes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1996-1944
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 27 March 2019
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 12:12
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/126058

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