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Rapid detection of IMP, NDM, VIM, KPC and OXA-48-like carbapenemases from enterobacteriales and gram-negative non-fermenter bacteria by real-time PCR and melt-curve analysis

Mentasti, Massimo, Prime, Kerry, Sands, Kirsty, Khan, Swati and Wootton, Mandy 2019. Rapid detection of IMP, NDM, VIM, KPC and OXA-48-like carbapenemases from enterobacteriales and gram-negative non-fermenter bacteria by real-time PCR and melt-curve analysis. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 38 (11) , pp. 2029-2036. 10.1007/s10096-019-03637-5

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Abstract

Carbapenemase-producing microorganisms are increasingly isolated and often associated with treatment failures and outbreaks. The need for reliable and timely detection and/or confirmation of carbapenemase production is paramount; therefore, a real-time PCR assay targeting IMP, NDM, VIM, KPC and OXA-48-like carbapenemases was designed and validated. All available allele variants of the above carbapenemases were downloaded from the Beta-Lactamase DataBase (http://bldb.eu/), aligned with Clustal Omega and primers designed using Primer-BLAST. Real-time PCR monoplexes were optimized for the QuantStudio 6-Flex (Applied Biosystems) using the PowerUp SYBR Green Master Mix (Life Technologies) and validated using a panel of 204 characterised strains carrying a wide range of beta-lactamases, sometimes in combination. Melt-curve analysis was used to confirm positive results. The in silico approach allowed primers to be designed in conserved regions of the KPC and NDM alignments, while three primer sets for IMP and two for VIM were necessary to ensure amplification of the different variants. One primer set was designed for OXA-48-like; however, it is unlikely to detect all variants. Expected results were obtained for all 204 tested strains, with 100% sensitivity and specificity. Melt-curve analysis showed consistent Tm results for KPC, NDM, and OXA-48-like; differences were instead noted for IMP and VIM as likely consequence of higher variability in the PCR target regions. Inhibition was not observed. The assay is rapid, easy to perform and implement. It enables unequivocal detection of IMP, NDM, VIM, KPC and OXA-48-like carbapenemases even when more than one type is present simultaneously.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 0934-9723
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 10 July 2019
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2020 22:14
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/126089

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