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Psychoacoustic measurement of phase and level for cross-talk cancellation using bilateral bone transducers: Comparison of methods

Mcleod, Robert W J and Culling, John F 2019. Psychoacoustic measurement of phase and level for cross-talk cancellation using bilateral bone transducers: Comparison of methods. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 146 (5) , 3295. 10.1121/1.5131650

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Abstract

Two bone-conduction hearing aids (BCHAs) could deliver improved stereo separation using cross-talk cancellation. Sound vibrations from each BCHA would be cancelled at the contralateral cochlea by an out-of-phase signal of the same level from the ipsilateral BCHA. A method to measure the level and phase required for these cancellation signals was developed and cross-validated with an established technique that combines air- and bone-conducted sound. Three participants with normal hearing wore bone transducers (BTs) on each mastoid and insert earphones. Both BTs produced a pure tone and the level and phase were adjusted in the right BT in order to cancel all perceived sound at that ear. To cross-validate, one BT was stimulated with a pure tone and participants cancelled the resultant signal at both cochleae via adjustment of the phase and level of signals from the earphones. Participants achieved cancellation using both methods between 1.5 and 8 kHz. Levels measured with each method differed by <1 dB between 3 and 5 kHz. The phase results also corresponded well for the cancelled ear (11° mean difference) but poorly for the contralateral ear (38.4° mean difference). The first method is transferable to patients with middle-ear dysfunction, but covers a limited frequency range.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
ISSN: 0001-4966
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 11 October 2019
Last Modified: 14 May 2020 22:36
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/126169

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