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Mapping 123 million neonatal, infant and child deaths between 2000 and 2017

Burstein, Roy, Henry, Nathaniel J., Collison, Michael L., Marczak, Laurie B., Sligar, Amber, Watson, Stefanie, Marquez, Neal, Abbasalizad-Farhangi, Mahdieh, Abbasi, Masoumeh, Abd-Allah, Foad, Abdoli, Amir, Abdollahi, Mohammad, Abdollahpour, Ibrahim, Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi, Abrigo, Michael R. M., Acharya, Dilaram, Adebayo, Oladimeji M., Adekanmbi, Victor, Adham, Davoud, Afshari, Mahdi, Aghaali, Mohammad, Ahmadi, Keivan, Ahmadi, Mehdi, Ahmadpour, Ehsan, Ahmed, Rushdia, Akal, Chalachew Genet, Akinyemi, Joshua O., Alahdab, Fares, Alam, Noore, Alamene, Genet Melak, Alene, Kefyalew Addis, Alijanzadeh, Mehran, Alinia, Cyrus, Alipour, Vahid, Aljunid, Syed Mohamed, Almalki, Mohammed J., Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M., Altirkawi, Khalid, Alvis-Guzman, Nelson, Amegah, Adeladza Kofi, Amini, Saeed, Amit, Arianna Maever Loreche, Anbari, Zohreh, Androudi, Sofia, Anjomshoa, Mina, Ansari, Fereshteh, Antonio, Carl Abelardo T., Arabloo, Jalal, Arefi, Zohreh, Aremu, Olatunde, Armoon, Bahram, Arora, Amit, Artaman, Al, Asadi, Anvar, Asadi-Aliabadi, Mehran, Ashraf-Ganjouei, Amir, Assadi, Reza, Ataeinia, Bahar, Atre, Sachin R., Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala, Ayanore, Martin Amogre, Azari, Samad, Babaee, Ebrahim, Babazadeh, Arefeh, Badawi, Alaa, Bagheri, Soghra, Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba, Baheiraei, Nafiseh, Balouchi, Abbas, Barac, Aleksandra, Bassat, Quique, Baune, Bernhard T., Bayati, Mohsen, Bedi, Neeraj, Beghi, Ettore, Behzadifar, Masoud, Behzadifar, Meysam, Belay, Yared Belete, Bell, Brent, Bell, Michelle L., Berbada, Dessalegn Ajema, Bernstein, Robert S., Bhattacharjee, Natalia V., Bhattarai, Suraj, Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Bijani, Ali, Bohlouli, Somayeh, Breitborde, Nicholas J. K., Britton, Gabrielle, Browne, Annie J., Nagaraja, Sharath Burugina, Busse, Reinhard, Butt, Zahid A., Car, Josip, Cárdenas, Rosario, Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A., Cerin, Ester, Chanie, Wagaye Fentahun, Chatterjee, Pranab, Chu, Dinh-Toi, Cooper, Cyrus, Costa, Vera M., Dalal, Koustuv, Dandona, Lalit, Dandona, Rakhi, Daoud, Farah, Daryani, Ahmad, Das Gupta, Rajat, Davis, Ian, Davis Weaver, Nicole, Davitoiu, Dragos Virgil, De Neve, Jan-Walter, Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen, Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam, Deribe, Kebede, Desai, Rupak, Deshpande, Aniruddha, Desyibelew, Hanna Demelash, Dey, Sagnik, Dharmaratne, Samath Dhamminda, Dhimal, Meghnath, Diaz, Daniel, Doshmangir, Leila, Duraes, Andre R., Dwyer-Lindgren, Laura, Earl, Lucas, Ebrahimi, Roya, Ebrahimpour, Soheil, Effiong, Andem, Eftekhari, Aziz, Ehsani-Chimeh, Elham, El Sayed, Iman, El Sayed Zaki, Maysaa, El Tantawi, Maha, El-Khatib, Ziad, Emamian, Mohammad Hassan, Enany, Shymaa, Eskandarieh, Sharareh, Eyawo, Oghenowede, Ezalarab, Maha, Faramarzi, Mahbobeh, Fareed, Mohammad, Faridnia, Roghiyeh, Faro, Andre, Fazaeli, Ali Akbar, Fazlzadeh, Mehdi, Fentahun, Netsanet, Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad, Fernandes, João C., Filip, Irina, Fischer, Florian, Foigt, Nataliya A., Foroutan, Masoud, Francis, Joel Msafiri, Fukumoto, Takeshi, Fullman, Nancy, Gallus, Silvano, Gebre, Destallem Gebremedhin, Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde, Gebremeskel, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn, Gessner, Bradford D., Geta, Birhanu, Gething, Peter W., Ghadimi, Reza, Ghadiri, Keyghobad, Ghajarzadeh, Mahsa, Ghashghaee, Ahmad, Gill, Paramjit Singh, Gill, Tiffany K., Golding, Nick, Gomes, Nelson G. 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K., Mir, Seyed Mostafa, Mirjalali, Hamed, Mirrakhimov, Erkin M., Mohamadi, Efat, Mohammad, Dara K., Darwesh, Aso Mohammad, Mezerji, Naser Mohammad Gholi, Mohammed, Ammas Siraj, Mohammed, Shafiu, Mokdad, Ali H., Molokhia, Mariam, Monasta, Lorenzo, Moodley, Yoshan, Moosazadeh, Mahmood, Moradi, Ghobad, Moradi, Masoud, Moradi, Yousef, Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar, Moradinazar, Mehdi, Moraga, Paula, Morawska, Lidia, Mosapour, Abbas, Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam, Mueller, Ulrich Otto, Muluneh, Atalay Goshu, Mustafa, Ghulam, Nabavizadeh, Behnam, Naderi, Mehdi, Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman, Nahvijou, Azin, Najafi, Farid, Nangia, Vinay, Ndwandwe, Duduzile Edith, Neamati, Nahid, Negoi, Ionut, Negoi, Ruxandra Irina, Ngunjiri, Josephine W., Thi Nguyen, Huong Lan, Nguyen, Long Hoang, Nguyen, Son Hoang, Nielsen, Katie R., Ningrum, Dina Nur Anggraini, Nirayo, Yirga Legesse, Nixon, Molly R., Nnaji, Chukwudi A., Nojomi, Marzieh, Noroozi, Mehdi, Nosratnejad, Shirin, Noubiap, Jean Jacques, Motlagh, Soraya Nouraei, Ofori-Asenso, Richard, Ogbo, Felix Akpojene, Oladimeji, Kelechi E., Olagunju, Andrew T., Olfatifar, Meysam, Olum, Solomon, Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola, Oluwasanu, Mojisola Morenike, Onwujekwe, Obinna E., Oren, Eyal, Ortega-Altamirano, Doris D. V., Ortiz, Alberto, Osarenotor, Osayomwanbo, Osei, Frank B., Osgood-Zimmerman, Aaron E., Otstavnov, Stanislav S., Owolabi, Mayowa Ojo, P. A., Mahesh, Pagheh, Abdol Sattar, Pakhale, Smita, Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra, Pandey, Animika, Park, Eun-Kee, Parsian, Hadi, Pashaei, Tahereh, Patel, Sangram Kishor, Pepito, Veincent Christian Filipino, Pereira, Alexandre, Perkins, Samantha, Pickering, Brandon V., Pilgrim, Thomas, Pirestani, Majid, Piroozi, Bakhtiar, Pirsaheb, Meghdad, Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer, Pourjafar, Hadi, Puri, Parul, Qorbani, Mostafa, Quintana, Hedley, Rabiee, Mohammad, Rabiee, Navid, Radfar, Amir, Rafiei, Alireza, Rahim, Fakher, Rahimi, Zohreh, Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa, Rahimzadeh, Shadi, Rajati, Fatemeh, Raju, Sree Bhushan, Ramezankhani, Azra, Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal, Rasella, Davide, Rashedi, Vahid, Rawal, Lal, Reiner Jr, Robert C., Renzaho, Andre M. N., Rezaei, Satar, Rezapour, Aziz, Riahi, Seyed Mohammad, Ribeiro, Ana Isabel, Roever, Leonardo, Roro, Elias Merdassa, Roser, Max, Roshandel, Gholamreza, Roshani, Daem, Rostami, Ali, Rubagotti, Enrico, Rubino, Salvatore, Sabour, Siamak, Sadat, Nafis, Sadeghi, Ehsan, Saeedi, Reza, Safari, Yahya, Safari-Faramani, Roya, Safdarian, Mahdi, Sahebkar, Amirhossein, Salahshoor, Mohammad Reza, Salam, Nasir, Salamati, Payman, Salehi, Farkhonde, Zahabi, Saleh Salehi, Salimi, Yahya, Salimzadeh, Hamideh, Salomon, Joshua A., Sambala, Evanson Zondani, Samy, Abdallah M., Santric Milicevic, Milena M., Jose, Bruno Piassi Sao, Saraswathy, Sivan Yegnanarayana Iyer, Sarmiento-Suárez, Rodrigo, Sartorius, Benn, Sathian, Brijesh, Saxena, Sonia, Sbarra, Alyssa N., Schaeffer, Lauren E., Schwebel, David C., Sepanlou, Sadaf G., Seyedmousavi, Seyedmojtaba, Shaahmadi, Faramarz, Shaikh, Masood Ali, Shams-Beyranvand, Mehran, Shamshirian, Amir, Shamsizadeh, Morteza, Sharafi, Kiomars, Sharif, Mehdi, Sharif-Alhoseini, Mahdi, Sharifi, Hamid, Sharma, Jayendra, Sharma, Rajesh, Sheikh, Aziz, Shields, Chloe, Shigematsu, Mika, Shiri, Rahman, Shiue, Ivy, Shuval, Kerem, Siddiqi, Tariq J., Silva, João Pedro, Singh, Jasvinder A., Sinha, Dhirendra Narain, Sisay, Malede Mequanent, Sisay, Solomon, Sliwa, Karen, Smith, David L., Somayaji, Ranjani, Soofi, Moslem, Soriano, Joan B., Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T., Sudaryanto, Agus, Sufiyan, Mu?awiyyah Babale, Sykes, Bryan L., Sylaja, P. N., Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael, Tabb, Karen M., Tabuchi, Takahiro, Taveira, Nuno, Temsah, Mohamad-Hani, Terkawi, Abdullah Sulieman, Tessema, Zemenu Tadesse, Thankappan, Kavumpurathu Raman, Thirunavukkarasu, Sathish, To, Quyen G., Tovani-Palone, Marcos Roberto, Tran, Bach Xuan, Tran, Khanh Bao, Ullah, Irfan, Usman, Muhammad Shariq, Uthman, Olalekan A., Vahedian-Azimi, Amir, Valdez, Pascual R., van Boven, Job F. M., Vasankari, Tommi Juhani, Vasseghian, Yasser, Veisani, Yousef, Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy, Violante, Francesco S., Vladimirov, Sergey Konstantinovitch, Vlassov, Vasily, Vos, Theo, Vu, Giang Thu, Vujcic, Isidora S., Waheed, Yasir, Wakefield, Jon, Wang, Haidong, Wang, Yafeng, Wang, Yuan-Pang, Ward, Joseph L., Weintraub, Robert G., Weldegwergs, Kidu Gidey, Weldesamuel, Girmay Teklay, Westerman, Ronny, Wiysonge, Charles Shey, Wondafrash, Dawit Zewdu, Woyczynski, Lauren, Wu, Ai-Min, Xu, Gelin, Yadegar, Abbas, Yamada, Tomohide, Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Vahid, Yilgwan, Christopher Sabo, Yip, Paul, Yonemoto, Naohiro, Lebni, Javad Yoosefi, Younis, Mustafa Z., Yousefifard, Mahmoud, Yousof, Hebat-Allah Salah A., Yu, Chuanhua, Yusefzadeh, Hasan, Zabeh, Erfan, Moghadam, Telma Zahirian, Bin Zaman, Sojib, Zamani, Mohammad, Zandian, Hamed, Zangeneh, Alireza, Zerfu, Taddese Alemu, Zhang, Yunquan, Ziapour, Arash, Zodpey, Sanjay, Murray, Christopher J. L. and Hay, Simon I. 2019. Mapping 123 million neonatal, infant and child deaths between 2000 and 2017. Nature 574 (7778) , pp. 353-358. 10.1038/s41586-019-1545-0

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Abstract

Since 2000, many countries have achieved considerable success in improving child survival, but localized progress remains unclear. To inform efforts towards United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3.2—to end preventable child deaths by 2030—we need consistently estimated data at the subnational level regarding child mortality rates and trends. Here we quantified, for the period 2000–2017, the subnational variation in mortality rates and number of deaths of neonates, infants and children under 5 years of age within 99 low- and middle-income countries using a geostatistical survival model. We estimated that 32% of children under 5 in these countries lived in districts that had attained rates of 25 or fewer child deaths per 1,000 live births by 2017, and that 58% of child deaths between 2000 and 2017 in these countries could have been averted in the absence of geographical inequality. This study enables the identification of high-mortality clusters, patterns of progress and geographical inequalities to inform appropriate investments and implementations that will help to improve the health of all populations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Nature Research
ISSN: 0028-0836
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 6 August 2019
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2019 11:02
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/126402

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