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Prevention of obesity and metabolic syndrome in children

Gregory, John W. 2019. Prevention of obesity and metabolic syndrome in children. Frontiers in Endocrinology 10 , 669. 10.3389/fendo.2019.00669

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Abstract

In recent decades, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has become increasingly common such that it is now the major nutritional problem worldwide. Obesity occurs when dietary energy intake exceeds energy expenditure and has arisen in many societies due to an increasingly “obesogenic” environment in which physical activity has declined and yet children continue to be exposed to unhealthy, energy-dense diets. Additional risks for the development of obesity also include psychological issues and genetic factors. Obesity hasmany adverse health consequences including development of insulin resistance, Type 2 diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome. There are also important genetic influences on the likelihood of developing insulin resistance. Given the limited success of therapeutic interventions to treat obesity and the metabolic syndrome, there has been an increased interest in preventative strategies. These are likely to be most successful when targeting the young and will require a combination of approaches which will need inter-disciplinary collaborations across health and local government to target families, schools, and local environments to facilitate behavior changes which influence young people’s eating behaviors and habitual levels of physical activity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-2392
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 16 September 2019
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 10:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/126405

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